Laboratory Management

Lackawanna College 

VST 205 Laboratory Management

Fall II October 18 - December 8 2017 

3 Credits




Mary Kay DelRosso AS, RDCS




Sonography Suite ( Basement)

Seeley Hall



Office Hours

By appointment Only



Text: N/A all material will be provided by instructor


Students in this course will gain basic entry-level knowledge and skills required for use in an ultrasound department. This course includes an overall history of the AIUM standards on the safety and usage of ultrasound equipment. Students will review quality assurance and preventative maintenance issues. In addition, the student will learn the nature of data and statistics. Also covered is setting up a Chi square to determine sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and overall accuracy. Healthcare organizations, societies and accreditation agencies will be discussed.



Following completion of theoretical learning experiences, the student will be able to:

  1. Demonstrate knowledge and appropriate patient safety procedures and techniques;
  2. Demonstrate knowledge of scanning ergonomics and personal safety;
  3. Explain the purpose and value of quality assurance;
  4. Explain how to implement a quality assurance program;
  5. Explain the AIUM’s statement of the safety effects of ultrasound;
  6. Explain the purpose of quality control, equipment safety and maintenance;
  7. Explain the role of the test phantom;
  8. Describe the nature of data and statistical methodology;
  9. Define true positives and true negatives as well as false positives and false negatives;
  10. Define positive predictive value and negative predictive value and overall accuracy;
  11. Using data, set up a Chi-square and calculate true, positives, true negatives, false positives, false negatives, NPV, PPV and over all accuracy;
  12. Discuss credentialing bodies and the importance of ultrasound/vascular societies and organizations.
  13. Demonstrate proper writing skills for technologist findings and preliminary readings.

Online Course Attendance Policy:

Students enrolled in credit-bearing courses at Lackawanna College will fail any course(s) in which they accumulate absences beyond the maximum number allowed. This pertains to online courses as well.

Attendance is defined by participating in an academic activity within the online classroom, which includes posting in a graded discussion forum or submitting a written assignment. Postings not related to the aforementioned activities will not count for attendance purposes.


 # of Days Required for Discussion in an Online Course

Maximum # of Weeks Allowed without Discussion


Twice on any four days in a week (8 total)





You are required to engage in discussion at least TWICE on FOUR days throughout the week for a total of EIGHT responses in all, minimum.

  • You should respond to the initial DQs posted AND respond to your classmates.
  • Responses MUST be substantive. See the document titled Good Discussions in your Handouts and Links.
  • Responses that do not move the conversation forward by providing information to which others can respond and build upon will NOT be counted toward your weekly score.
  • Students who miss one week of discussion will be DROPPED from the course.
  • Students who do not log on to the course within the drop/add period for the course will be DROPPED from the course.

 Online Course Discussion Policy

In order to understand, remember, and benefit from what we learn in class, discussion and interaction are critical. Responses such as, “I like what you said.” “I agree.” Or “Good thinking.” are NOT acceptable. Also, you should NOT simply repeat what someone else has already said.


You MUST post no less than 8 times per week – twice on any four days.

Good Discussions which you will find under Course Resources in Handouts  will help you, but you should also use this rubric to gain all possible points for your contributions and, more importantly, to get the most out of our class discussion!


Online Classroom Discussion and Interaction Rubric

50 points per week for a total of 250 points

What Should I Do?

Points Available

Did I do This?


Points Earned

Answer both Discussion Questions directly demonstrating a clear understanding of the material, support your response with research or reading, and promote conversation (2 posts)



(10 per DQ)




Respond to at least two classmates’ posts (2 posts)





Continue both conversations with at least one additional reply to each peer (2 posts)





Respond to at least one of the teacher’s secondary questions, conversing with a classmate who responds to the same question (2 posts)





Be sure all responses are detailed and clear and are posted twice on four separate days.





Be sure that all responses relate to the course reading and notes, your own everyday life, or to both





Provides the class with a response that is non-generic and inspiring – meaning that they learn from what you have contributed and can continue the conversation





Use proper grammar, spelling, and netiquette










 Withdrawal Policy:

A student has the privilege of withdrawing from any courses or from the College itself without academic penalty up to and including the final date for withdrawal indicated on the College calendar.

To withdraw officially from a course or from the College, a student must obtain the proper withdrawal form from the Student Affairs Office or from your Center Director, complete this form and submit it to the Registrar's Office before the final day for withdrawal without academic penalty as indicated on the College calendar. If a student stops attending a course for which he/she is registered after the published census date (end of drop/add) without having officially withdrawn from the course, the student will be assigned an AW (penalty-grade failure) for the class. No exceptions will be made.

Students who violate the College's Academic Integrity Policy and fail a course in consequence may not exercise the withdrawal privilege in that particular course.

Financial obligations to the College will be determined according to the Refund Policy.


 Instructor Policies:

The very nature of an online course requires all participants to reveal their thoughts and feelings about issues through the discussion questions. Therefore, the opinions and viewpoints of everyone must be respected at all times without exception. You may discuss but not argue. You may try to persuade others to see your viewpoint but you may not try to do so by overwhelming or intimidating them. I will not allow any bullying and/or ridicule of any student in this course by any other student in this course.  If a student violates this rule they will be immediately referred for disciplinary action as per the Professionalism Warning disciplinary policy


The student must achieve an overall minimum average grade of 82 B- and maintain a 3.0 GPA.  Failure to meet the 82 B- and 3.0 GPA will result in the student being ineligible to progress to the sonography program.

The assignments in this course are tracked by points. Use the Points Value column to check your grade based on how many points you have earned. You might also estimate how many more points you need in order to earn the final grade that you want.


Letter Grade

Numeric Range

Points Value

Quality Points


96 – 100




90 – 95




87 – 89




83 – 86




80 – 82




77 – 79




73 – 76




70 – 72




67 – 69




60 – 66




0 – 59




 Due Dates and Late Penalties:

Late assignments WILL NOT BE accepted. Technical difficulties ARE NOT a justification for lateness. In the event of technical difficulties contact the IT department.

Academic Integrity:

Academic dishonesty in any form, such as plagiarism and cheating, will not be tolerated either in the online or traditional classrooms. Sanctions will include an automatic F for plagiarism, but the severity or frequency of the violation may result in dismissal from the College as well.

 The following are among the forms of dishonesty, in a classroom of any type, for which sanctions may be applied:

  • Using books, notes or other materials during an examination, unless expressly permitted;
  • Using purchased essays, term papers or preparatory research for such papers;
  • Copying others' work or engaging in unauthorized cooperation during an assignment or examination;
  • Allowing another student to copy from an examination or other assignment intended to be performed independently;
  • Borrowing from published works, whether material is taken verbatim or with minor alterations, without proper and/or sufficient acknowledgment;
  • Submitting as one’s own work originally done by someone else;
  • Submitting the same written report in more than one course without prior approval from the instructor(s) involved;
  • Stealing examinations or assignments;
  • Supplying or selling examinations or assignments;
  • Misrepresenting statements concerning work submitted;
  • Falsifying or fabricating experimental data or results;
  • Falsifying or fabricating the need for extensions on papers or make-up examinations.
  • Misrepresenting identity in an online course


Step 1. Verbal Warning—the student will receive a verbal warning from the instructor identifying the undesirable behavior. Verbal warnings will then be recorded electronically with the College Administrative System. The student will receive an email instructing the student to contact the issuing instructor immediately regarding the warning and that failure of the student to contact the issuing instructor may result in the escalation of the consequences of the warning. In addition, the Dean of Students will also receive a copy of the email however, the student is not required to meet with the Dean of Students at this time.

Step 2. Written Warning---The student will receive a written warning from the instructor which will include a reference to the previous verbal warning. The Dean of Students will also receive a copy of this warning. The student will be notified that they must schedule a meeting with the Dean of Students prior to returning to the classroom the student will receive a letter signed by the Dean of Students or the Associate Dean of students to be returned to the instructor. The letter will verify that they did meet with the Dean of Students and have an action plan.

Step 3. Request for Dismissal—the instructor provides a written request for the student’s dismissal to the Academic Dean, with a copy of the request to be sent to the Dean of Students. The student will be notified that they must contact the Dean of Students to schedule a mandatory meeting. The student will receive a response from the Dean of Students within three (3) business days.

 Disability Statement

Lackawanna College is an Affirmative Action, Equal Employment Opportunity institution. Students with disabilities and other needs should feel free to contact the instructor privately if there are services and adaptations which can be made to accommodate specific needs. Students who are having difficulties with class material are strongly advised to seek assistance in the reading and writing lab. If you feel that you have a disability that has not been formally documented, you may meet with Ms. Christine Kiehart in the academic development office to discuss your options. Please note that disability services do not include exemption from participation requirements in courses considered part of the School of Distance Education, including online and hybrid courses.

Lackawanna College Notice of Nondiscrimination

Lackawanna College will not discriminate in its educational programs, activities, or employment practices, based on race, color, national origin, sexual orientation, disability, age, religion, ancestry, union membership, or any other legally protected classification. Announcement of this policy is in accordance with State Law including the Pennsylvania Human Relations Act and with Federal Law including Titles VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, Sections 503 and 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Age Discrimination Act of 1975, and Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. 

Title IX of the Education Amendment of 1972 is a federal civil rights law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in federally funded education programs and activities. Lackawanna College is committed to providing an educational and work environment that is free from unlawful sexual discrimination including sexual harassment, sexual violence, and gender based harassment.

 In accordance with Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, Lackawanna College will not tolerate any forms of sexual misconduct including but not limited to: sexual harassment, sexual assault, sexual violence and gender-based harassment by employees, students or third parties. This includes prohibiting discrimination against pregnant and parenting students. The College also prohibits retaliation against any person who makes a claim of discrimination or

harassment or who provides information in such an investigation. This policy applies to admissions, employment, treatment and access to all programs and activities that take place either on or off the campus at Lackawanna College.


 Lackawanna College will fully and promptly investigate all allegations of sexual misconduct and will take action reasonably designed to resolve the complaint in an equitable manner, end a hostile environment if one has been created, prevent its recurrence, and, when appropriate, take steps to remedy its effects on individuals and the college community.

Lackawanna College complies with Title IX and all other federal laws and regulations that prohibit discrimination in education programs or activities receiving federal financial assistance.

Reports or inquiries regarding nondiscrimination should be made to:

Title IX Coordinator/ Executive Director of the Student Wellness Program, Marsha Pigga, Angeli Hall, Room 102, 501 Vine Street, Scranton PA, 18509 (570) 955-1466/ (570) 677-7589,

Equal Opportunity and Affirmative Action inquiries: Georgia Egan, Affirmative Action Officer/Director of Continuing Education, Angeli Hall, Room 300C, Vine Street, Scranton PA (570) 961-7815, or Tony Ferrese, Affirmative Action Officer/Seeley Hall Residence Director, Seeley Hall, First Floor, North Washington Avenue, Scranton PA, (570) 504-1760,

 Additional information regarding Title IX requirements and how to file a complaint with the Office of Civil Rights: Office of Civil Rights at, 800-421-3481. Philadelphia Office: Office for Civil Rights U.S. Department of Education, The Wanamaker Building,100 Penn Square East, Suite 515, Philadelphia, PA 19107-3323 Telephone: 215-656-8541, Email:

To view your Exam, you can go directly to:


Course Schedule:




Course Objective Met

Related Assignment, Assessment, or Learning Activity


Patient Safety Techniques



·         Lab Management (KWL Part 1)

·         Visual Aides

·         PowerPoints

·         Week 1 DQ1 & DQ2


Ergonomics and Personal Safety


·         Case Study

·         Visual Aides

·         PowerPoints

·         Week 2 DQ1 & DQ2

·         Test 1 (Weeks 1 & 2)


10 Step Quality Assurance Program

3,4 & 6

·         Role Play Project

·         Visual Aides

·         PowerPoints

·         Week 3 DQ1 & DQ2

·         Test 2 (week 3)


AIUM’s Safety Effects of Ultrasound & Phantoms

2,5, & 7

·         Case Study

·         Visual Aides

·         PowerPoints

·         Week 4 DQ1 & DQ2

·         Test 3 (weeks 4)



Chi Square


8, 9, 10, & 11

·         Visual Aides

·         PowerPoints

·         Week 5 DQ1 & DQ2

·         Test 4 (Week 5)


Group Dynamics Conflict Resolution

3 & 4

·         Case Study

·         Visual Aides

·         PowerPoints

·         Week 6 DQ1 & DQ2

·         Test 5 (Week 6)


Technology Sheets



·         Technology Sheets Project

·         Visual Aides

·         PowerPoints

·         Week 7 DQ1 & DQ2

·         Test 6 (week 7)


Credentialing Bodies of ultrasound/vascular societies/organizations


·         Lab Management (KWL Part 2)

·         Research Paper

·         Visual Aides

·         PowerPoints

·         Week 8 DQ1 & DQ2

·         Comprehensive Final (weeks 1-8)