PHL 125 OA: Applied Ethics Online: 3 credits

Lackawanna College

PHL 125 OA: Applied Ethics Online: 3 credits

Intersession 2019: January 2 to January 18




Alexander Lester



Scranton Campus


By Chat and Email. 


Vaughn, Lewis. Doing Ethics: Moral Reasoning and Contemporary Issues (4 ed.). W.W. Norton & Company, 2015.

Applied Ethics discusses the insights of moral philosophers within the context of everyday living. In this course, students isolate and reflect upon questions of conscience, choice and acceptable action in relation to issues that typically confront students in family life, personal relationships, financial matters, employment, and career pursuits.

By the end of this course, the student shall be able to satisfy the following outcomes and expectations.
1. To critique the basic ethical systems. Students should be able to articulate these systems in the classroom and identify them in life situations.
2. To enable students to develop largely by attempting to apply ethical precepts, principle and examples to a variety of contemporary ethical dilemmas.
3. To analyze the most critical ethical issues facing modern society, so they will be equipped to take and defend a position in the community. Students' proficiency in this will be demonstrated in class discussions, papers, and presentations, but the ultimate test will be outside of the
classroom, in the students’ daily lives.
4. To analyze these issues not in an abstract or impersonal sense, but to practically apply them in specific case studies.
5. To recognize the importance of a lifetime of communicating ethical values to their families, churches, communities and other spheres of influence.

Online Course Attendance Policy:
Students enrolled in credit-bearing courses at Lackawanna College will fail any course(s) in which they accumulate absences beyond the maximum number allowed. This pertains to online courses as well.
Attendance is defined by participating in an academic activity within the online classroom, which includes posting in a graded discussion forum or submitting a written assignment. Postings not related to the aforementioned activities will not count for attendance purposes.
You are required to engage in discussion at least TWICE on FOUR days throughout the week for a total of EIGHT posts in all, minimum.


# of Days Required  for Discussion in an Online Course

Maximum # of Weeks Allowed without Discussion

Twice on  any four  days  in  a week (8 total)


• You should respond to the initial DQs posted AND respond to your classmates.
• Responses MUST be substantive. See the document titled Good Discussions in your Handouts and Links.
• Responses that do not move the conversation forward by providing information to which others can respond and build upon will NOT be counted toward your weekly score.
• Students who miss one week of discussion will be DROPPED from the course.
• Students who do not log on to the course within the drop/add period for the course will be DROPPED from the course.


Online Course Discussion Policy

In order to understand, remember, and benefit from what we learn in class, discussion and interaction are critical. Responses such as, “I like what you said.” “I agree.” Or “Good thinking.” are NOT acceptable. Also, you should NOT simply repeat what someone else has already said.
You MUST post no less than 8 times per week – twice on any four days.
Good Discussions in Handouts and Links will help you, but you should also use this rubric to gain all possible points for your contributions and, more importantly, to get the most out of our class discussion!

Online Classroom Discussion and Interaction Rubric
45 points per question, 90 points per week, for a total of 360 points 



What should I do?

Points Available 

Answer both Discussion Questions directly demonstrating a clear understanding of the material, support your response with research or reading, and promote conversation (2 posts)


Respond to at least two classmates’ posts (2 posts)


Continue both conversationswith at least one additional reply to each peer (2 posts)


Respond to atleast one of theteacher’ssecondaryquestions, conversing with a classmate who responds to the same question (2posts)


Be sure all responses are detailed and clear and are posted twice on four separate days.


Be sure that all responses relate to the course reading and notes, your own everyday life, or to both


Provides theclass with aresponsethat is non-generic and inspiring –meaning thatthey learn from whatyou have contributed and can continue the conversation



Use proper grammar, spelling, and netiquette






Withdrawal Policy:

A student has the privilege of withdrawing from any courses or from the College itself without academic penalty up to and including the final date for withdrawal indicated on the College calendar.
To withdraw officially from a course or from the College, a student must obtain the proper withdrawal form from the Student Affairs Office or from your Center Director, complete this form and submit it to the Registrar's Office before the final day for withdrawal without academic penalty as indicated on the College calendar. If a student stops attending a course for which he/she is registered after the published census date (end of drop/add) without having officially withdrawn from the course, the student will be assigned an AW (penalty-grade failure) for the class. No exceptions will be made.
Students who violate the College's Academic Integrity Policy and fail a course in consequence may not exercise the withdrawal privilege in that particular course. Financial obligations to the College will be determined according to the Refund Policy.


Instructor Policies:


Behavior. A class in philosophy will usually evoke strong emotional responses from many students regarding certain topics of discussion and debate. Students are expected to be respectful to the instructor and each other even when they disagree.


Papers. Written assignments are to be created in Microsoft Word and written in MLA format. Assignments are to be submitted by portal upload only any time before 11:59 p.m. on the due date. A failed upload is not an excuse for late work.


Grading: Grading will be made up of one paper worth 340 Points of your final grade; three exams each worth 100 Points ; discussions and responses, collectively worth 360 points of your final grade.


The assignments in this course are tracked by points. Use the Points Value column to check your grade based on how many points you have earned. You might also estimate how many more points you need in order to earn the final grade you want.




Numeric Range

Points Value



96 – 100




90 – 95





87 – 89




83 – 86




80 – 82

800 – 829



77 – 79

770 – 799



73 – 76

730– 769



70 – 72

700 – 729



67 – 69

670 – 699



60 – 66

600 – 669



0 – 59




Course engagement will be evaluated on the following criteria:
• Completing assignments on time
• Contributing to discussions
• Asking relevant questions and staying on topic
• Regularly checking Falcons email and Portal for class information
• Behaving respectfully to the instructor and fellow students in all class-related communication and activity

Papers will be evaluated on the following criteria:
• Demonstration of understanding of the topic
• Logical validity and soundness of argument
• Grammar
• Quality and quantity of sources
• In-text citation of sources in MLA format
• Works Cited, bibliography, or references page in MLA format
• Submission by portal upload as MS Word doc


Exams will be evaluated on the following criteria:
• Demonstration of understanding of the topic
• Ability to answer questions and think critically

Due Dates and Late Penalties:

Due to the accelerated timeline of this course due dates are firm. No assignments will be accepted late. If an assignment is not completed by the conclusion of the day that it is due you will get a zero on it. If the missed assignment was a discussion question you will be dropped from the course.

NOTE: Technical difficulties are NOT a justification for lateness.


Academic Integrity:

Academic dishonesty in any form, such as plagiarism and cheating, will not be tolerated either in the online or traditional classrooms. Sanctions will include an automatic F for plagiarism, but the severity or frequency of the violation may result in dismissal from the College as well.
The following are among the forms of dishonesty, in a classroom of any type, for which sanctions may be applied:

• Using books, notes or other materials during an examination, unless expressly permitted;
• Using purchased essays, term papers or preparatory research for such papers;
• Copying others' work or engaging in unauthorized cooperation during an assignment or examination;
• Allowing another student to copy from an examination or other assignment intended to be performed independently;
• Borrowing from published works, whether material is taken verbatim or with minor alterations, without proper and/or sufficient acknowledgment;
• Submitting as one’s own work originally done by someone else;
• Submitting the same written report in more than one course without prior approval from the instructor(s) involved;
• Stealing examinations or assignments;
• Supplying or selling examinations or assignments;
• Misrepresenting statements concerning work submitted;
• Falsifying or fabricating experimental data or results;
• Falsifying or fabricating the need for extensions on papers or make-up examinations.
• Misrepresenting identity in an online course

Disability Statement:

Lackawanna College is an Affirmative Action, Equal Employment Opportunity institution. Students with disabilities and other needs should feel free to contact the instructor privately if there are services and adaptations which can be made to accommodate specific needs. Students who are having difficulties with class material are strongly advised to seek assistance in the reading and writing lab. If you feel that you have a disability that has not been formally documented, you may meet with Ms. Christine Kiehart in the academic development office to discuss your options. Please note that disability services do not include exemption from participation requirements in courses considered part of the School of Distance Education, including online and hybrid courses.

Equal Opportunity Statement:

Lackawanna College will not discriminate in its educational programs, activities or employment practices based on race, color, national origin, sex, sexual orientation, disability, age, religion, ancestry, union membership or any other legally protected classification. Announcement of this policy is in accordance with State law, including the Pennsylvania Human Relations Act, and with Federal law, including Titles VI and the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, Sections 503 and 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Age Discrimination Act of 1975, and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. Inquiries should be directed to Anita Cola, Affirmative Action Officer, at (570) 961-7815 or OR Dan LaMagna, Affirmative Action Officer, at (570) 504-1579 or

Portfolio and Coursework:

Lackawanna College will empower you to experience learning by inspiring your critical thinking, assessing your talents and skills, motivating you toward a career choice, and encouraging you to make a difference. In evidence of this learning, the College requires a graduation portfolio containing Career Documents, including a résumé, two letters of recommendation, and a career exploration; Core Coursework, including a research paper from College Writing; three sample papers or projects from Major Coursework; and a Lackawanna College Reflection Paper.

Course Schedule: 






Objective Met




Due Dates Are in Bold









  •  Watch the Online Course Orientation Video below by Wednesday (January 2) at 11:55 pm.
  •  Read the Syllabus by Wednesday (January 2) at 11:55 pm.
  •  Read Chapter 1 (pages 3-19) in the Textbook by Wednesday (January 2) at 11:55 pm.
  •  Complete the Academic Honesty Pledge by Wednesday (January 2) at 11:55 pm.
  •  Complete the Course Syllabus Quiz by Wednesday (January 2) at 11:55 pm.
  •  Complete the Course Navigation Quiz by Wednesday (January 2)  at 11:55 pm.
  •  Complete the About You Biography by Wednesday (January 2) at 11:55 pm.







Relativism, Subjectivism, Emotivism

  •  Relativism
  •  Subjectivism
  •  Emotivism 





  •  Read Chapter 2 (pages 20-38) in the Textbook by Thursday (January 3) at 11:55 pm.
  • Watch Moral Theories Videos Day 1 Playlist ( by Thursday (January 3) at 11:55 pm. 
  • Complete your initial post to DQ 1 by Thursday (January 3) at 11:55 pm.
  •  Complete Replies to About You Biography by Thursday (January 3) at 11:55 pm. 






Moral Theories: Part 1

  •  Types of Theories





  •  Read Chapter 4 (pages 67-77) in the Textbook by Friday (January 4) at 11:55 pm.
  • Watch Moral Theories Videos Day 2 Playlist ( by Friday (January 4) at 11:55 pm.
  •  Complete your replies to DQ 1 by Friday (January 4) at 11:55 pm.
  •  Complete your initial post to DQ 2 by Friday (January 4) at 11:55 pm.








Moral Theories: Part 2

  •  Consequentialist Theories






  •  Read Chapter 5 (pages 78-101) in the Textbook by Saturday (January 5) at 11:55 pm.
  •  Complete your replies to DQ 2 by Saturday (January 5) at 11:55 pm.
  •  Complete your initial post to DQ 3 by Saturday (January 5) at 11:55 pm.
  • Watch Moral Theories Videos Day 3 Playlist ( by Friday (January 4) at 11:55 pm.






Moral Theories: Part 3

  •  Non-Consequentialist Theories





  •  Read Chapter 6 (pages 102-135) in the Textbook by Sunday (January 6) at 11:55 pm.
  •  Complete your replies to DQ 3 by Sunday (January 6) at 11:55 pm.
  •  Extra Credit: Complete the Time Management Planner by Sunday (January 6) at 11:55pm.
  •  Take Exam 1 (Chapters 1, 2, 4, 5) by Sunday (January 6) at 11:55 pm.





Moral Theories: Part 4

Virtue Ethics 








Environmental Ethics 

Part 1






Environmental Ethics 

Part 2



  •  Read Chapter 15 (pages 465 – 494) by Wednesday (January 9) at 11:55 pm.
  •  Read the Article Weigh More, Pay More by Peter Singer (located in handouts) by Wednesday (January 9) at 11:55 pm.
  •  Complete your initial post to DQ 5 by Wednesday (January 9) at 11:55 pm.
  •  Now that you understand the theory I recommend that you start writing the paper as it is due the 13th



Animals Rights 

Part 1



  •  Read Chapter 16 (pages 495 – 538) in the Textbook by Thursday (January 10) at 11:55 pm.
  •  Complete your replies to DQ 5 by Thursday (January 10) at 11:55 pm.



Animals Rights 

Part 2






Drug Use, Harm, and Personal Liberty 

Part 1



  •  Read Chapter 12 (pages 350 – 365) in the Textbook by Saturday (January 12) at 11:55 pm.
  •  Complete your replies to DQ 6 by Saturday (January 12) at 11:55 pm.



Drug Use, Harm, and Personal Liberty 

Part 2



  •  Read Chapter 12 (pages 366 – 379) in Textbook by Sunday (January 13) at 11:55 pm.
  •  Take Exam 2 (6,7,15,16) by Sunday (January 13) at 11:55 pm.




Equality and Affirmative Action 

Part 1



  •  Read Chapter 18 (pages 597 – 624) in Textbook by Monday (January 14) at 11:55 pm.
  •  Complete your initial post to DQ 7 by Monday (January 14) at 11:55 pm.
  •  Paper Due by Monday (January 14) at 11:55 pm.





Equality and Affirmative Action 

Part 2



  •  Read Chapter 18 (pages 625 – 636) in the Textbook by Tuesday (January 15) at 11:55 pm.
  •  Complete your replies to DQ 7 by Tuesday (January 15) at 11:55 pm.





Sexual Morality 

Part 1



  •  Read Chapter 13 (pages 380 – 401) in the Textbook by Wednesday (January 16) at 11:55 pm.
  •  Complete your initial post to DQ 8 by Wednesday (January 16) at 11:55 pm.




Sexual Morality 

Part 2



  •  Read Chapter 13 (pages 402 – 428) in Textbook by Thursday (January 17) at 11:55 pm.
  •  Complete your replies to DQ 8 by Thursday (January 17) at 11:55 pm.
  •  Take Exam 3 (Chapters 12, 13,18) (by Thursday (January 17) at 11:55 pm.
  •  Read the remaining chapters of the textbook that we did not cover and ask any questions you have in the Remaining Chapters form (post in this form is NOT required) by Thursday (January 17) at 11:55 pm.




Reflection and Remaining Chapters



  •  Reflection Extra Credit Due by Friday (January 18) at 11:55 pm.




Discussions                                                                                                                                                              360 Points 


Students will participate in online discussions per detailed rubric above.


Exams (100 Points each)                                                                                                                        300 Points 


These exams will be 30-50 question exams which have to be completed in 3 hours they will test your understanding of the readings, and viewings.


Paper: Defending a Moral Position (800-1000  words)                                                                         340 Points


Respond to the following prompt using lecture notes, readings, viewings, and discussions, and at least three additional sources to support your position and logical argument. Cite ALL sources in-text AND on a “works cited” page in MLA format.

Submit paper by portal upload as a Word doc.

Prompt –Read the Article Weigh More, Pay More by Peter Singer (located in hand outs) and take a position in favor or against the issue. Is his argument ethical or unethical, why? Discuss and defend your position logically, not emotionally drawing on the moral theories, you learned in class.

Extra Credit                                                                                                                                                         50 Points


Extra Credit Assignment 1 – Time Management Assignment (25 Points)

         During Week 1 complete the Time Management Assignment.


Extra Credit Assignment 2 – Reflection (25 Points) 

Write a 300-word reflection on the class and how you think the material you learned will help your career / life. 



Rubric for Papers

Total Points Value: 340



An excellent paper …




Points Earned

Is submitted as aMicrosoft Worddocument or richtext file (RTF)



Adheres to word-count requirements



Exhibits asophisticated (butunpretentious)writing style. Presents its ideasclearly, concisely,and precisely



Contains no errorsin grammar,spelling, orpunctuation. Is free of typos



Properly formatted in MLA style



Does notemploy second-person writing;only uses first personsparingly whennecessary



Does not ask questions



Uses information from credible sources



Does not use incredible generalizations



Cites sources in-text in MLA format



Includes "bibliography," "references" or "works cited" page in accordance with chosen style



Responds to the entire prompt without digression to irrelevant information



Employs no logical fallacies



Backs up all factual assertions



Presents, in aclear manner,strong and well-developed arguments insupport of itsclaims



Demonstrates mastery of the pertinent philosophical

views, concepts, and arguments. Fully explains key

philosophical terms, concepts, and distinctions using the

author’s own words, examples, and descriptions  



Has a clear and logical organizational plan,wherein the ordering of ideas, sentences, and paragraphs build naturally towards the achievement of central aims. Uses transitional words/phrases/sentences to show how the various ideas, sentences, and paragraphs relate to the paper’s central aims and to each other