PHL 110 Medical Ethics

Lackawanna College 

PHL 110 Medical Ethics

Fall I 

August 27 – October 17 2018

3 Credits





Mary Kay DelRosso AS, RDCS




Sonography Suite ( Basement)

Seeley Hall


Office Hours


By appointment Only




Text: Mandatory

Bundle: Ethics of Health Care: A Guide for Clinical Practice, 4th + MindTap Basic Health Sciences Printed Access Card

by Edge, Raymond S.; Groves, John Randall

Publisher: Cengage Learning


MindTap® Basic Health Sciences, Instant Access for Edge/Groves' & Ethics of Health Care: A Guide for Clinical Practice Ebook



 The purpose of this course is to expose the student to the topic of medical ethics and its direct relationship to client care. It will spark and encourage consideration of medical law, while reflecting on ethical, moral, cultural and personal considerations of both the medical professional and the clients we care for. Students will come away from this course understanding that ethical practice and considerations exist concurrently with the medical care we administer. (3 Credits)


1. Differentiate between needs and values

2. Differentiate between ethics and morals

3. Identify the basic principles involved in medical ethics

4. Define the basic principles found in health care ethics

5. Describe the levels and stages of value development

6. Develop personal mission and vision statements

7. Identify their own values and principles

8. Discuss the common theories and methods used in making value decisions

9. Explain the principle of “informed consent”

10. Explain the relevant aspects of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA) and the Stark Laws as pertains to the allied health professions 



Online Course Attendance Policy

Students enrolled in credit-bearing courses at Lackawanna College will fail any course(s) in which they accumulate absences beyond the maximum number allowed. This pertains to online courses as well. Attendance is defined by participating in an academic activity within the online classroom, which includes posting replies in a graded discussion forum or submitting a written assignment. *Please note that the beginning of course activities common to all courses (Syllabus quiz, Course Navigation Quiz, Academic Honesty Pledge, Autobiography) DO NOT count for attendance purposes.

Students that fail to participate in an academic activity as described above in the online classroom prior to the last day to drop/add a course will automatically be dropped from the course.

Students who miss one week of participation will be DROPPED from the course. It is the responsibility of the student to formally withdraw from the course at the Registrar’s office.


 # of Days Required for Discussion in an Online Course

Maximum # of Weeks Allowed without Discussion


Twice on any four days in a week (8 total)




 You are required to engage in discussion at least TWICE on FOUR days throughout the week for a total of EIGHT responses in all, minimum.

  • You should respond to the initial DQs posted AND respond to your classmates.
  • Responses MUST be substantive. See the document titled Good Discussions in your Handouts and Links.
  • Responses that do not move the conversation forward by providing information to which others can respond and build upon will NOT be counted toward your weekly score.
  • Students who miss one week of discussion will be DROPPED from the course.
  • Students who do not log on to the course within the drop/add period for the course will be DROPPED from the course. 
  • You MUST post no less than 8 times per week – twice on any four days.

 Online Course Discussion Policy

In order to understand, remember, and benefit from what we learn in class, discussion and interaction are critical. Responses such as, “I like what you said.” “I agree.” Or “Good thinking.” are NOT acceptable. Also, you should NOT simply repeat what someone else has already said.

Good Discussions in Course Resources will help you, but you should also use the rubric to gain all possible points for your contributions and, more importantly, to get the most out of our class discussion!

Ask yourself the following questions to help guide you in having a great discussion:

  • Did I answer the discussion questions directly demonstrating a clear understanding of the material that promoted conversation?
  • Did I support my answers to the discussion questions with research and reading?
  • Did I respond to at least two classmates?
  • Did I continue the conversation with peers that replied to my discussion?
  • Did I answer any additional questions the instructor may have asked?
  • Are all of my responses detailed and clear?
  • Did I participate in the discussion on 4 separate days?
  • Did I relate my responses to the course reading, notes, and/or personal life?
  • Did I provide the class with a response that is non-generic and inspiring – meaning that they learned from what I have contributed and can continue the conversation
  • Did I use proper grammar, spelling and netiquette?


Responses that do not move the conversation forward by providing information to which others can respond and build upon will negatively affect your weekly score.



 Withdrawal Policy:

A student has the privilege of withdrawing from any courses or from the College itself without academic penalty up to and including the final date for withdrawal indicated on the College calendar.

To withdraw officially from a course or from the College, a student must obtain the proper withdrawal form from the Student Affairs Office or from your Center Director, complete this form and submit it to the Registrar's Office before the final day for withdrawal without academic penalty as indicated on the College calendar. If a student stops attending a course for which he/she is registered after the published census date (end of drop/add) without having officially withdrawn from the course, the student will be assigned an AW (penalty-grade failure) for the class. No exceptions will be made.

Students who violate the College's Academic Integrity Policy and fail a course in consequence may not exercise the withdrawal privilege in that particular course.

Financial obligations to the College will be determined according to the Refund Policy.



Instructor Policies:

The very nature of this course requires all participants to reveal their thoughts and feelings about some very controversial issues. Therefore the opinions and viewpoints of everyone must be respected at all times without exception. You may discuss but not argue. You may try to persuade others to see your viewpoint but you may not try to do so by overwhelming or intimidating them. I will not allow any bullying and/or ridicule of any student in this course by any other student in this course.  I will only give one warning to the offending student, if the behavior occurs again you will be immediately dismissed from the course and receive a zero for the final grade.


Note: sonography students must achieve an overall minimum average grade of 82 B-. Failure to achieve an 82 B- and maintain a 3.0 GPA will prohibit student from progressing any further in the Sonography Program.



Quiz                                                                  5%

Papers                                                             5%

Tests                                                                20%                 

Class Participation                                           40%     

Comprehensive Exam                                     30%     

Total                                                               100%

Letter Grade

Numeric Range

Quality Points


96 – 100



90 – 95



87 – 89



83 – 86



80 – 82



77 – 79



73 – 76



70 – 72



67 – 69



60 – 66



0 – 59



 Due Dates and Late Penalties:

Late assignments will not be accepted. Technical difficulties are NOT a justification for lateness.

Academic Integrity:

Academic dishonesty in any form, such as plagiarism and cheating, will not be tolerated either in the online or traditional classrooms. Sanctions will include an automatic F for plagiarism, but the severity or frequency of the violation may result in dismissal from the College as well.

 The following are among the forms of dishonesty, in a classroom of any type, for which sanctions may be applied:

  • Using books, notes or other materials during an examination, unless expressly permitted;
  • Using purchased essays, term papers or preparatory research for such papers;
  • Copying others' work or engaging in unauthorized cooperation during an assignment or examination;
  • Allowing another student to copy from an examination or other assignment intended to be performed independently;
  • Borrowing from published works, whether material is taken verbatim or with minor alterations, without proper and/or sufficient acknowledgment;
  • Submitting as one’s own work originally done by someone else;
  • Submitting the same written report in more than one course without prior approval from the instructor(s) involved;
  • Stealing examinations or assignments;
  • Supplying or selling examinations or assignments;
  • Misrepresenting statements concerning work submitted;
  • Falsifying or fabricating experimental data or results;
  • Falsifying or fabricating the need for extensions on papers or make-up examinations.
  • Misrepresenting identity in an online course


Step 1. Verbal Warning—the student will receive a verbal warning from the instructor identifying the undesirable behavior. Verbal warnings will then be recorded electronically with the College Administrative System. The student will receive an email instructing the student to contact the issuing instructor immediately regarding the warning and that failure of the student to contact the issuing instructor may result in the escalation of the consequences of the warning. In addition, the Dean of Students will also receive a copy of the email however, the student is not required to meet with the Dean of Students at this time.

Step 2. Written Warning---The student will receive a written warning from the instructor which will include a reference to the previous verbal warning. The Dean of Students will also receive a copy of this warning. The student will be notified that they must schedule a meeting with the Dean of Students prior to returning to the classroom the student will receive a letter signed by the Dean of Students or the Associate Dean of students to be returned to the instructor. The letter will verify that they did meet with the Dean of Students and have an action plan.

Step 3. Request for Dismissal—the instructor provides a written request for the student’s dismissal to the Academic Dean, with a copy of the request to be sent to the Dean of Students. The student will be notified that they must contact the Dean of Students to schedule a mandatory meeting. The student will receive a response from the Dean of Students within three (3) business days.


Disability Statement

Lackawanna College is an Affirmative Action, Equal Employment Opportunity institution.  Students with disabilities and other needs should feel free to contact the instructor privately if there are services and adaptations which can be made to accommodate specific needs.  Students who are having difficulties with class material are strongly advised to seek assistance in the reading and writing lab.  If you feel that you have a disability that has not been formally documented, you may meet with Mrs. Christine Kiehart in the Disability Services office to discuss your options. Please note that disability services do not include exemption from participation requirements in courses considered part of the School of Distance Education, including online and hybrid courses.

Lackawanna College Notice of Nondiscrimination

Lackawanna College will not discriminate in its educational programs, activities, or employment practices, based on race, color, national origin, sexual orientation, disability, age, religion, ancestry, union membership, or any other legally protected classification. Announcement of this policy is in accordance with State Law including the Pennsylvania Human Relations Act and with Federal Law including Titles VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, Sections 503 and 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Age Discrimination Act of 1975, and Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.


Title IX of the Education Amendment of 1972 is a federal civil rights law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in federally funded education programs and activities. Lackawanna College is committed to providing an educational and work environment that is free from unlawful sexual discrimination including sexual harassment, sexual violence, and gender based harassment. 


In accordance with Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, Lackawanna College will not tolerate any forms of sexual misconduct including but not limited to: sexual harassment, sexual assault, sexual violence and gender-based harassment by employees, students or third parties. This includes prohibiting discrimination against pregnant and parenting students. The College also prohibits retaliation against any person who makes a claim of discrimination or harassment or who provides information in such an investigation. This policy applies to admissions, employment, treatment and access to all programs and activities that take place either on or off the campus at Lackawanna College. 


Lackawanna College will fully and promptly investigate all allegations of sexual misconduct and will take action reasonably designed to resolve the complaint in an equitable manner, end a hostile environment if one has been created, prevent its recurrence, and, when appropriate, take steps to remedy its effects on individuals and the college community.

Lackawanna College complies with Title IX and all other federal laws and regulations that prohibit discrimination in education programs or activities receiving federal financial assistance.

Reports or inquiries regarding nondiscrimination should be made to:

Title IX Coordinator/ Executive Director of the Student Wellness Program, Marsha Pigga, Angeli Hall, Room 102, 501 Vine Street, Scranton PA, 18509 (570) 955-1466/ (570) 677-7589,

Equal Opportunity and Affirmative Action inquiries: Georgia Egan, Affirmative Action Officer/Director of Continuing Education, Angeli Hall, Room 300C, Vine Street, Scranton PA (570) 961-7815, or Gopu Kiron, Affirmative Action Officer/eLearning Director, Angeli Hall, Ground Floor, Vine Street, Scranton PA, (570) 504-7929,

Additional information regarding Title IX requirements and how to file a complaint with the Office of Civil Rights: Office of Civil Rights at, 800-421-3481. Philadelphia Office: Office for Civil Rights U.S. Department of Education, The Wanamaker Building,100 Penn Square East, Suite 515, Philadelphia, PA 19107-3323 Telephone: 215-656-8541, Email:   


Course Schedule:



Course Objective Met

Related Assignment, Assessment, or Learning Activity


Introduction, Obligations of a professional


Human Value Development and the System of Public Law

1, 2, 3, 4, 5 & 8

  • Medical Ethics (KWL Part 1)
  • Read Chapters 1 & 2
  • Power Points
  • Video Links
  • Week 1 DQ1 & DQ2
  • Mind Tap Assignments



Decision Making in Value Issues and Private Law

Basic Principles of Healthcare and the Nature of Rights in Ethical Discourse

3, 4, 6, 7 & 9

  • Read Chapters 3
  • Power Points
  • Video Links
  • Week 2 DQ1 & DQ2
  • Case Study #1
  • Mind Tap Assignments



Confidentiality and the Management of Health Care Information

Justice and Allocation of Scarce Resources

3, 4, 6, 9 & 10

  • Read Chapters 4
  • Power Points
  • Video Links
  • Week 3 DQ1 & DQ2
  • Test #1
  • Mind Tap Assignments



Role Fidelity

Reproductive Issues

3, 4, 6, 7, 8, & 9

  • Read Chapters 5 & 6
  • Power Points
  • Video Links
  • Week 4 DQ1 & DQ2
  • Mind Tap Assignments



Decisions at the End of Life

Health Care Ethics and the Near Future

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 & 10

  • Read Chapters 7
  • Power Points
  • Video Links
  • Week 5 DQ1 & DQ2
  • Test #2





  • Read Chapters 8
  • Power Points
  • Video Links
  • Week 6 DQ1 & DQ2
  • Case Study #2
  • Mind Tap Assignments




  • Medical Ethics (KWL Part 2)
  • Read Chapters 9 &10
  • Power Points
  • Video Links
  • Week 7-8 DQ1 & DQ2
  • Team Project
  • Role Play
  • Final Comprehensive Exam