HTH102 Pharmacology

Lackawanna College

Online Standardized Syllabus

HTH102 Pharmacology

1 Credit



Mary Lou Purnell




Angeli Hall Room 316C


Office Hours

As posted or by appointment.





Pharmacology for the Surgical Technologist, 4th Edition
Author: Katherine Snyder & Chris Keegan



Surgical Technology Principles and Practice, 7th Edition

Author: Joanna Kotcher Fuller





This course provides the student with an introduction to basic pharmacology concepts. The student will examine the application of pharmacology concepts in the context of various patient care delivery settings. The course offers students the opportunity to examine and analyze medications utilized in an operating room setting. This course provides an overview of drug families, and employs a series of review exercises, and illustrations to enhance the students understanding of pharmacology.




  1. Analyze the principles of anesthesia administration as well as be able to explain the necessity of each component of anesthesia preparation of the surgical patient.
  2. Compare and contrast methods, agents, and techniques of anesthesia administration and preparation.
  3. Correlate anesthesia monitoring devices with patient homeostasis.
  4. Explain anesthesia complications and interventions.
  5. Calculate medication conversions and dosages.
  6. Apply general terminology to medications and solutions.
  7. Prepare and manage medications and solutions
  8. Use medications in the care of the surgical patient. Understand the basic concepts of Pharmacology.
  9.  Analyze protocols and recommended practices required of the registered nurse and the    surgical technologist for medication delivery in an operating room environment.   
  10. Discuss the magnitude and significance of medication safety concepts utilized in the surgical environment. 
  11. Discuss and analyze the duties and role of the surgical technologist when handling & labeling medications on a sterile field. 




Reading assignments

Power point review

Homework & Learning Exercises







Final Project



Online Course Attendance Policy

Students enrolled in credit-bearing courses at Lackawanna College will fail any course(s) in which they accumulate absences beyond the maximum number allowed. This pertains to online courses as well. Attendance is defined by participating in an academic activity within the online classroom, which includes posting replies in a graded discussion forum or submitting a written assignment. *Please note that the beginning of course activities common to all courses (Syllabus quiz, Course Navigation Quiz, Academic Honesty Pledge, Autobiography) DO NOT count for attendance purposes.

Students that fail to participate in an academic activity as described above in the online classroom prior to the last day to drop/add a course will automatically be dropped from the course.

Students who miss one week of participation will be DROPPED from the course. It is the responsibility of the student to formally withdraw from the course at the Registrar’s office.

# of Days Required for Discussion in an Online Course

Maximum # of Weeks Allowed without Discussion 


Twice on any two days in a week (4 total)




  • You are required to engage in discussion at least TWICE on TWO days throughout the week for a total of FOUR replies in all, minimum.



Online Course Discussion Policy

In order to understand, remember, and benefit from what we learn in class, discussion and interaction are critical. Responses such as, “I like what you said.” “I agree.” Or “Good thinking.” are NOT acceptable. Also, you should NOT simply repeat what someone else has already said.

Good Discussions in Course Resources will help you, but you should also use this rubric to gain all possible points for your contributions and, more importantly, to get the most out of our class discussion!

Ask yourself the following questions to help guide you in having a great discussion:

  • Did I answer the discussion questions directly demonstrating a clear understanding of the material that promoted conversation?
  • Did I support my answers to the discussion questions with research and reading?
  • Did I respond to at least two classmates?
  • Did I continue the conversation with peers that replied to my discussion?
  • Did I answer any additional questions the instructor may have asked?
  • Are all of my responses detailed and clear?
  • Did I participate in the discussion on 4 separate days?
  • Did I relate my responses to the course reading, notes, and/or personal life?
  • Did I provide the class with a response that is non-generic and inspiring – meaning that they learned from what I have contributed and can continue the conversation
  • Did I use proper grammar, spelling and netiquette?


Responses that do not move the conversation forward by providing information to which others can respond and build upon will negatively affect your weekly score.


Withdrawal Policy

A student has the privilege of withdrawing from any courses or from the College itself without academic penalty up to and including the final date for withdrawal indicated on the College calendar.

To withdraw officially from a course or from the College, a student must obtain the proper withdrawal form from the Student Affairs Office or from your Center Director, complete this form and submit it to the Registrar's Office before the final day for withdrawal without academic penalty as indicated on the College calendar. If a student stops attending a course for which he/she is registered after the published census date (end of drop/add) without having officially withdrawn from the course, the student will be assigned an AW (penalty-grade failure) for the class. No exceptions will be made.

Students who violate the College's Academic Integrity Policy and fail a course in consequence may not exercise the withdrawal privilege in that particular course.


Financial obligations to the College will be determined according to the Refund Policy.


Instructor Policies

  1. Discussion posts should be relevant, proof read and checked for grammar and spelling errors. If this is not apparent there will be a loss of points.
  2. Always be respectful to all members of the discussion group. This means not calling out names, using slang or profane language.
  3. Replies must be original. Repeating course mate replies will result in deduction of points.
  4. All emails and responses posted in the General Questions section of the forum will be answered within one day.
  5. All assignments will be graded within 3 days of the assignment due date



Graded Item


Available Points

Medication Work Sheet


50 X 11 = 550



100 X 11 =  1100



200 X 1 =  100

Discussion Questions


30 X 8 =240

                                                                                                                                                Total 1,990 Points



Letter Grade

Numeric Range

Quality Points


96 – 100



90 – 95



87 – 89



83 – 86



80 – 82



77 – 79



73 – 76



70 – 72



67 – 69



60 – 66



0 – 59




Project:   Create a Power Point  Presentation using the criteria below. 10-15 slides are required to explain in detail. Use grahics to enhance your slides and obtain full credit. Use your creativity to learn more about a drug category that you have the need to become more knowledgeable of for your chosen profession.

Main topic: Choose a drug category to reinforce knowledge on all drugs and their characteristics within that category.

Presentation Rubric for HTH 102 Pharmacology








Topic not demonstrated

Topic minimally covered

Topic covered with no advanced knowledge displayed

Topic covered, advanced knowledge displayed.


Knowledge of Drug Category

Does not cover the category adequately and with detail.

Covers the category with an overview but cannot elaborate with details.

Covers the category adequately adding details to the presentation.

Covers all aspects of the category and includes the necessary details to achieve knowledge of the subject.


Medication Characteristics and Uses

Does not cover Medications and uses

Covers with an overview but cannot elaborate with details

Covers medications and uses adequately adding details to the presentation

Covers all medication characteristics and uses with advanced knowledge.


Adverse Reactions, Side Effects, and Precautions

Does not cover adverse reactions, side effects, and precautions

Covers with an overview but cannot elaborate with details

Covers adverse reactions, side effects, and precautions adequately adding details to the presentation

Covers all adverse reactions, side effects, and precautions with advanced knowledge.


Visual Aids and Creativity

None used or impossible for the audience to see

Were not well prepared; and most of the visuals were difficult to see; very little originality

Were somewhat prepared; small portion of visuals were difficult to see; good variety and originality apparent

Were well prepared and easy for the audience to see; very original and capture’s the audience attention.


Communication Aids

Insufficient or unnecessary use of graphics;

Student occasionally uses graphics that rarely support text and presentation


Students’ graphics related to text and presentation

Student’s graphics explain and reinforce text and presentation



Audience cannot understand presentation because there is no sequence of information



Audience has difficulty following presentation because students jump around

Students presents information in logical sequence which audience can follow

Student presents information in logical, interesting sequence which audience can follow



Presentation had four or more spelling and/or grammatical errors

Presentation has three misspellings and/or grammatical errors

Presentation has no more than two misspellings and/or grammatical errors

Presentation has no misspellings or grammatical errors.



Total Score






Due Dates and Late Penalties


Technical difficulties are NOT a justification for lateness.

There will be no “extra credit.”


Academic Integrity

Academic dishonesty in any form, such as plagiarism and cheating, will not be tolerated. Sanctions will include an automatic F for plagiarism, but the severity or frequency of the violation may result in dismissal from the College as well. Please see the Student Handbook for a complete explanation.


The following are among the forms of dishonesty, in a classroom of any type, for which sanctions may be applied:

  • Using books, notes or other materials during an examination, unless expressly permitted;
  • Using purchased essays, term papers or preparatory research for such papers;
  • Copying others' work or engaging in unauthorized cooperation during an assignment or examination;
  • Allowing another student to copy from an examination or other assignment intended to be performed independently;
  • Borrowing from published works, whether material is taken verbatim or with minor alterations, without proper and/or sufficient acknowledgment;
  • Submitting as one’s own work originally done by someone else;
  • Submitting the same written report in more than one course without prior approval from the instructor(s) involved;
  • Stealing examinations or assignments;
  • Supplying or selling examinations or assignments;
  • Misrepresenting statements concerning work submitted;
  • Falsifying or fabricating experimental data or results;
  • Falsifying or fabricating the need for extensions on papers or make-up examinations.
  • Misrepresenting identity in an online course


(Please see student handbook for more information)


Disability Statement

Lackawanna College is an Affirmative Action, Equal Employment Opportunity institution.  Students with disabilities and other needs should feel free to contact the instructor privately if there are services and adaptations which can be made to accommodate specific needs.  Students who are having difficulties with class material are strongly advised to seek assistance in the reading and writing lab.  If you feel that you have a disability that has not been formally documented, you may meet with Mrs. Christine Kiehart in the Disability Services office to discuss your options. Please note that disability services do not include exemption from participation requirements in courses considered part of the School of Distance Education, including online and hybrid courses.

Lackawanna College Notice of Nondiscrimination

Lackawanna College will not discriminate in its educational programs, activities, or employment practices, based on race, color, national origin, sexual orientation, disability, age, religion, ancestry, union membership, or any other legally protected classification. Announcement of this policy is in accordance with State Law including the Pennsylvania Human Relations Act and with Federal Law including Titles VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, Sections 503 and 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Age Discrimination Act of 1975, and Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.


Title IX of the Education Amendment of 1972 is a federal civil rights law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in federally funded education programs and activities. Lackawanna College is committed to providing an educational and work environment that is free from unlawful sexual discrimination including sexual harassment, sexual violence, and gender based harassment. 


In accordance with Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, Lackawanna College will not tolerate any forms of sexual misconduct including but not limited to: sexual harassment, sexual assault, sexual violence and gender-based harassment by employees, students or third parties. This includes prohibiting discrimination against pregnant and parenting students. The College also prohibits retaliation against any person who makes a claim of discrimination or harassment or who provides information in such an investigation. This policy applies to admissions, employment, treatment and access to all programs and activities that take place either on or off the campus at Lackawanna College. 


Lackawanna College will fully and promptly investigate all allegations of sexual misconduct and will take action reasonably designed to resolve the complaint in an equitable manner, end a hostile environment if one has been created, prevent its recurrence, and, when appropriate, take steps to remedy its effects on individuals and the college community.

Lackawanna College complies with Title IX and all other federal laws and regulations that prohibit discrimination in education programs or activities receiving federal financial assistance.

Reports or inquiries regarding nondiscrimination should be made to:

Title IX Coordinator/ Executive Director of the Student Wellness Program, Marsha Pigga, Angeli Hall, Room 102, 501 Vine Street, Scranton PA, 18509 (570) 955-1466/ (570) 677-7589,

Equal Opportunity and Affirmative Action inquiries: Georgia Egan, Affirmative Action Officer/Director of Continuing Education, Angeli Hall, Room 300C, Vine Street, Scranton PA (570) 961-7815, or Gopu Kiron, Affirmative Action Officer/eLearning Director, Angeli Hall, Ground Floor, Vine Street, Scranton PA, (570) 504-7929,

Additional information regarding Title IX requirements and how to file a complaint with the Office of Civil Rights: Office of Civil Rights at, 800-421-3481. Philadelphia Office: Office for Civil Rights U.S. Department of Education, The Wanamaker Building,100 Penn Square East, Suite 515, Philadelphia, PA 19107-3323 Telephone: 215-656-8541, Email:   

Portfolio and Coursework

Lackawanna College will empower you to experience learning by inspiring your critical thinking, accessing your talents and skills, motivating you toward a career choice, and encouraging you to make a difference. In evidence of this learning, the College requires a graduation portfolio containing Career Documents, including a résumé, two letters of recommendation, and a career exploration; Core Coursework, including a research paper from College Writing; three sample papers or projects from Major Coursework; and a Lackawanna College Reflection Paper.


Course Schedule




Course Objective Met

Related Assignment, Assessment, or Learning Activity


Chapters 1: Basic Pharmacology and Chapter 2: Medication Development, Regulation, and Resources

  • Drug sources
  • Natural sources
    • Plants
    • Animal
    • Minerals
  • Chemical synthesis
  • Synthetic drugs
  • Semisynthetic drugs
  •  Biotechnology
  • Genetic engineering
  • Recombinant DNA technology
  • Drug classifications
  • Therapeutic action
  • Physiologic action
  • Affected body system
  • Chemical type
  • Medication orders
  • Prescriptions
  • Hospital medication orders
  • Standing orders
  • Verbal orders
  • STAT orders
  • PRN orders
  • Drug Distribution systems
  • Drug Forms or Preparations.
  • Solids
  • Semisolids
  • Liquids
  • Gases
  • Drug administration routes.
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • Absorption
  • Distribution
  • Biotransformation
  • Excretion
  • Pharmacodynamics
  • Medication regulation
  • International laws
  • World Health Organization
  • Federal laws
  • Pure food and drug act
  • Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act
  • Prescription Drugs
  • Over the Counter Drugs
  • Controlled substance Act
  • Schedule of Controlled Substances
  • Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)
  • Federal Agencies
  • Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
  • Centers for Disease Control (CDC)
  • State practice acts
  • Joint commission
  • Drug development
  • U.S. Food and Drug Administration Pregnancy Categories
  • Marketing
  • Medication labeling
  • Brand and generic names of mediation
  • Manufacturer’s name
  • Dosage strength
  • Form
  • Supply dosage
  • Total volume
  • Administration route
  • Label alerts
  • Expiration date
  • Lot or control number
  • Bar code symbol
  • National drug code (NDC)
  • United stated pharmacopeia (USP) and national formulary (NF)
  • Medication references
  • Physician’s Desk Reference
  • United States Pharmacopeia and National Formulary
  • American Hospital Formulary Service Drug Information
  • The Medical Letter
  • Facts and Comparisons
  • Hospital Pharmacist
  • Databases


6, 8, 10, 11

Read Chapter 1 & 2.

Discussion Question


Complete Review and Critical Thinking Questions

Exam Chapters 1 & 2.



Chapter 3: Pharmacology Math

  • Military time
  • Fractions
    • Addition and subtraction of fractions
    • Multiplication and division of fractions
  • Decimals.
    • Addition and subtraction of decimals
    • Multiplication and division of decimals
  • Percentages
  • Ratio and Proportion
  • Temperature conversions
  • Measurement systems
    • The metric system
  • Other standardized measurements (Doses)


5, 6, 9, 10, 11

Read Chapters 3 & 4.

Discussion Question


Complete Review and Critical Thinking Questions


Exam Chapter 3 & 4


Chapter 4: Medication Administration

  • Surgical technologist’s roles in medication administration
    • Circulation Role
    • Scrub Role
  • The five “Rights” of medication administration
    • Right Drug
    • Right Dose
    • Right Route
    • Right Patient
    • Right Time
    • Right Documentation
  • Medication identification
    • Circulator reads label
    • Circulator read label aloud to scrub
    • Circulator shows label to scrub
    • Scrub stated medication information aloud
    • Scrub accepts medication
    • Scrub labels medication containers immediately
  • Delivery to the sterile field
  • Medication labeling on the sterile back table
  • Handling medications
    • Supplies
      • Vials
      • Ampules
      • Decanter
      • Carpule
      • Syringes (various types)
      • Hypodermic needles (various sizes)
      • Sterile packets
      • Tube
      • Graduated pitcher
      • Intrathecal pump


1, 2, 5, 6 7,8,9,10, 11





Chapter 5: Antibiotics

  • Microbiology review
  • Antimicrobial action
    • Mechanisms and types
  • Bactericidal
  • Bacteriostatic
  • Antibiotic Resistance
  • Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA)
  • Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci (VRE)
  • Antibiotic agents.
  • Aminoglycosides
  • Cephalosporins
  • Macrolides
  • Penicillins
  • Tetracyclines
  • Oxazolidinones
  • Fluroquinolones
  • Miscellaneous antibiotics
  • Sulfonamides
  • Individual agents
  • Combination agents



Read Chapter 5 and 6

Discussion Question


Complete Review and Critical Thinking Questions.

Exam Chapter 5

Complete Medication Worksheet


Chapter 7: Diuretics and Chapter 8: Hormones

  • Review of renal physiology
  • Diuretics
    • Loop diuretics
    • Thiazide Diuretics
    • Potassium Sparing Diuretics
    • Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors
    • Osmotic Diuretics
  • Endocrine system review
  • Endocrine Glands
    • Pituitary gland
      • Mater land
    • Thyroid gland
      • Sets rate of metabolism
    • Parathyroid gland
    • Adrenal glands
      • Epinephrine
      • Steroids
    • Pancreas
      • Insulin production
    • Ovaries
      • Estrogen
      • Progesterone
    • Testes
      • Androgens-male sex hormone



Read Chapter 7&8.


Discussion Question


Complete Review and Critical Thinking Questions


Complete assigned Medication Worksheets

Exam Chapter 7 & 8


Chapter 9: Medications that Affect Coagulation

  • Physiology of clot formation.
  • Coagulants
  • Hemostatics
  • Absorbable gelatin
  • Absorbable Collagen Sponge
  • Microfibrillar Collagen Hemostat
  • Oxidized Cellouse
  • Thrombin
  • Miscellaneous Agents used as Hemostatics
  • Bone wax
  • Chemical hemostatic
  • Systemic Coagulants
  • Calcium Salts
  • Vitamin K
  • Blood Coagulation Factors
  • Anti-coagulants
  • Parenteral Anticoagulants
  • Heparin
  • Low – molecular-weight Heparin
  • Oral Anticoagulant
  • Thrombolytics



Read Chapter 9.

Discussion Question


Complete Review and Critical Thinking Questions


Complete assigned Medication Worksheets

Exam Chapter 9




Chapter 10 Ophthalmic agents

  • Anatomy review
  • Categories of ophthalmic agents.
  • Enzymes
  • Irrigating solutions and lubricants
  • Viscoelastic agents
  • Miotics
  • Mydriatics and Cycloplegics
  • Ophthalmic antibiotics
  • Anesthetics
  • Antiglaucoma agents
  • Anti-Inflammatory agents
  • Dyes

Chapter 11: Fluids and Solutions

  • Fluid ad Electrolyte management.
  • Physiology review
  • Intravenous fluids
  • Common intravenous fluids administered in surgery
  • Intravenous equipment and supplies
  • Blood replacement
  • Physiology review
  • Indications for blood replacement
  • Options for blood replacement
  • Homologous donation
  • Whole blood
  • Packed red blood cells
  • Plasma
  • Platelets
  • Cryprecipitate
  • Autologous donation
  • Autotransfusion
  • Volume expanders
  • Oxygen therapeutics
  • Procedure for donor blood replacement in surgery
  • Irrigation solutions
  • Basic irrigation solution
  • Irrigation solutions used on specialty procedures
  • Synovial fluid replacement
  • Irrigation equipment and supplies







Read Chapter 10.


Complete Review and Critical Thinking Questions


Complete assigned Medication Worksheets


Exam Chapter 10









Read Chapter 11


Complete Review and Critical Thinking Questions


Complete assigned Medication Worksheets


Exam Chapter 11


Chapters 13: Preoperative Medications & Chapter 14: Patient Monitoring and Local, Regional Anesthesia

  • Preoperative Evaluation
  • Preoperative Medications
  • Sedatives
  • Analgesics
  • Anticholinergics
  • Gastric agents
  • Antacids
  • H2 Receptor Antagonists
  • Proton pump Inhibitors
  • Antiemetics and Gastrointestinal Prokinetics
  • Patient monitoring
  • Electrocardiography
  • Pulse oximetry
  • Blood pressure
  • Temperature
  • Capnomerty
  • Monitoring consciousness
  • Neuromuscular function
  • Advanced monitoring
  • Local and Regional Anesthesia.
  • Local anesthesia
  • Applications for local anesthesia
  • Agents used for local anesthesia
  • Regional anesthesia
  • Spinal anesthesia
  • Epidural anesthesia
  • Retrobulbar block
  • Extremity block
  • Intravenous regional anesthesia
  • Sedation and Monitored Anesthesia Care



Read Chapter 13 & 14.

Discussion Question


Read Chapter 12, 13, & 14 in Surgical Technology for the Surgical Technologist

Complete Workbook for Chapters 12, 13, & 14 Fuller


Complete Review and Critical Thinking Questions


Complete assigned Medication Worksheets


Exam Chapter 13 & 14




Chapters 15: General Anesthesia & Chapter 16: Emergency Situations

  • Components of General Anesthesia.
  • Administration methods
  • Phases of General Anesthesia.
  • Preinduction phase
  • Heart rate
  • ECG
  • Blood pressure
  • Oxygen saturation
  • Expired gases
  • Temperature
  • Induction phase
  • Airway management
  • LMA
  • Endotracheal tube
  • Rapid sequence induction
  • Maintenance phase
  • Awareness under anesthesia
  • Muscle relaxation
  • Emergence phase
  • Agents used for General Anesthesia
  • Intravenous induction agents
  • Analgesics
  • Inhalation agents
  • Neuromuscular blocking agents
  • Muscle physiology preview
  • Reversal agents
  • Respiratory Emergencies
  • Bronchospasm
  • Anaphylaxis
  • Transfusion (Hemolytic) reaction
  • Laryngospasm
  • Cardiac Arrest
  • Miscellaneous cardiovascular drugs
  • Adrenergic agonists
  • Adrenergic antagonists
  • Cholinergic agents
  • Anti-arrhythmics
  • Calcium channel blockers
  • Vasodilators
  • Inotropic agents
  • Malignant Hyperthermia
  • Clinical signs for malignant hyperthermia
  • Tachycardia and tachypnea
  • Muscle rigidity
  • pyrexia
  • Malignant hyperthermia treatment
  • Hyperventilation with 100% oxygen
  • Dantrolene sodium intravenous
  • Sodium bicarbonate intravenous
  • Temperature management
  • Diuretics
  • Insulin




Read Chapter 15 & 16

Discussion Question


Complete Review and Critical Thinking Questions


Complete assigned Medication Worksheets


Exam Chapter 15 & 16


Presentation Due


Surgical Technology Principles and Practice Fuller Chapter 12, 13, & 14.


Perioperative Pharmacology

Anesthesia and Physiological Monitoring

Post-Anesthesia Recovery


Read Chapter 12, 13, 14

Discussion Question

Workbook Chapter 12, 13, & 14

Final Exam on Chapter 12, 13, 14



Syllabus subject to change at the Instructor’s discretion.



What Should I Do?

Points Available

Did I do This?


Points Earned

Answer Discussion Questions directly demonstrating a clear understanding of the material, support your response with research or reading, and promote conversation (1 replies)

10 (1 DQ)




Respond to at least two classmates’ posts (1 replies)





Continue both conversations with at least one additional reply to each peer (1 replies)





Respond to at least one of the teacher’s secondary questions, conversing with a classmate who responds to the same question (1 replies)





Be sure all responses are detailed and clear and are posted twice on two      separate days.





Be sure that all responses relate to the course reading and notes, your own everyday life, or to both





Provides the class with a response that is non-generic and inspiring – meaning that they learn from what you have contributed and can continue the conversation





Use proper grammar, spelling, and netiquette