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Lackawanna College

COM 125 OA – Effective Speaking

Online Classroom: 3 credits

  Fall II 2017: October 18 – December 8

 Instructor

Cathy Donnelly

Phone:

609-617-1093 – call anytime

Office

 

E-mail

cathy.donnelly@falcons.lackawanna.edu

Office Hours

Online through Chat at a mutually convenient scheduled time.

 

Email is checked several times daily.

Text:  Speaker's Compact Handbook Edition: 4th. Author: Sprague  ISBN: 9780840028150 Copyright Year: 2014 Publisher: Cengage Learning

Description:  This course will provide students with the basic concepts to effectively deliver speeches in the public arena.  We will address key issues in public speaking such as: audience awareness, effective use of language, body language, listening skills, fear of public speaking, and various presentation methods. 

Objectives: As a result of completing this course, the student should be able to - through five oral presentations:

  1. Understand what the communication process is and how it works.
  2. Understand the listening process and know that “effective speaking” depends on “effective listening”.
  3. Practice the “fundamental principles” of speech preparation and organization:
  4. Finding a subject
  5. Determining speech purposes
  6. Framing thesis statements
  7. Developing content
  8. Arranging ideas coherently
  9. Outlining
  10. Demonstrate an understanding of the importance of language habits and semantics as they relate to “meaning” and one’s total communication effectiveness.
  11. Demonstrate principles of effective speaking by developing a number of extemporaneous and impromptu speeches during the course.
  12. Demonstrate mastery of skills necessary for clear informative speaking
  13. Demonstrate knowledge and mastery of reasoning, motivating and refuting in the development and delivery of a persuasive speech.
  14. Demonstrate increased self-confidence in oral communication through knowledge acquisition and skill mastery.
  15. Demonstrate the ability to present speeches through the use of technology (i.e. PowerPoint, etc,).

 

Informal exercises

To practice our skills and build up confidence for scheduled presentations, we will practice speaking in a variety of settings.  Informal exercises will range from articulation to organizational skills to impromptu speaking.  We will also learn to evaluate others’ public performance by watching recorded presentations. 

Formal speaking assignments

There will be five formal speaking exercise, and one informal “Ice Breaker Speech.”  Typically, no make-ups will be allowed.  Your formal speeches will demonstrate your ability to incorporate the things you have learned into your own presentation style.

#1: Ice Breaker Speech

This very short speech allows you to introduce yourself to the class.  This speech will be delivered live through the video-conference of the Big Blue Button.  This will be graded as “did it” (100%) or “didn’t do it” (0%).

#2: Speech of Celebration

This 2-3 minute speech requires you to use your words to join with a randomly selected partner in a speech of celebration. This assignment constitutes 5 percent of the total grade.

#3: Demonstrative Speech

This 4-7 minute speech requires you to show us how to do something.  It helps you organize your speech into steps, and teaches you how to talk while working with your hands at the same time.  10 percent of your total grade.

# 4: Dramatic Presentation

This 2-5 minute presentation is designed to show you the value of body language and the process of evoking emotion in your audience through dramatics.  This assignment constitutes 10 percent of your total grade. This speech will also be delivered live, through the video-conference of the Big Blue Button.

#5:  Informative Speech

This 5-7 minute speech requires you to select a topic of interest to you and your audience, and conduct research of the topic, and present the information you gather to an audience.  The goal of this assignment is to learn to use research skills in selecting relevant and reliable information, organize your research into a coherent outline and to present it using the skills we are working on.  This assignment constitutes 10 percent of the total grade.

#6: Speech of Persuasion

This 5-7 minute speech will allow you to present your position on a controversial subject in a persuasive manner.  It will also teach you how to craft an effective argument (Think “playing both sides” but getting the last word).  This speech also requires research. This assignment constitutes 15 percent of the total grade.  This will be delivered live, through the video-conferencing of the Big Blue Button.

Exams  There will be a quiz at the end of each week and a comprehensive final examination.  All of the quizzes, together,  are 10% of your grade.  The final exam is an additional 10% of your grade.

Final exam will cover readings and topics of the entire semester.  The format is multiple choice, true-false, fill in the blank, and short essay (10 percent of the total grade).

Homework: There will not be a lot of homework assignments per se.  However topics and outlines for speeches will have due dates before each speech, and will count as homework.  All of these, together, constitute 5% of your grade. (This way I don’t have to give you a bad grade on a speech, if you forgot to turn in the outline.  It counts as “homework” instead).  Most of the homework is graded “did it” (100%) or “didn’t do it” (0%). 

Requirements: All assignments can be found under the assignment link. These links can be found at the side of your portal page.  Failure to hand in an assignment or deliver a required speech will result in a grade of Zero.

Papers:  There will be two formal written assignments: A self-critique and an outside speaker report. Formal written assignments must be typed, 12 point font size, double-spaced, with one inch margins. Any papers or projects must be saved as Rich Text Format or PDF.  Each of these papers constitutes 2.5% of your grade.  These do get a letter grade.

Online Course Attendance Policy:

Students enrolled in credit-bearing courses at Lackawanna College will fail any course(s) in which they accumulate absences beyond the maximum number allowed. This pertains to online courses as well.

Attendance is defined by participating in an academic activity within the online classroom, which includes posting in a graded discussion forum or submitting a written assignment. Postings not related to the aforementioned activities will not count for attendance purposes.

 # of Days Required for Discussion in an Online Course

Maximum # of Weeks Allowed without Discussion

 Twice on any four days in a week (8 total)

 0

  • You are required to engage in discussion at least TWICE on any FOUR days throughout the week (Monday through Sunday) for a total of EIGHT posts in all, minimum.
  • You should respond to the initial DQs posted AND respond to your classmates.
  • Responses MUST be substantive. See the document titled Good Discussions in your Handouts and Links.
  • Responses that do not move the conversation forward by providing information to which others can respond and build upon will NOT be counted toward your weekly score.
  • Students who miss one week of discussion will be DROPPED from the course.
  • Students who do not log on to the course within the drop/add period for the course will be DROPPED from the course. 

 Online Course Discussion Policy

In order to understand, remember, and benefit from what we learn in class, discussion and interaction are critical. Responses such as, “I like what you said.” “I agree.” Or “Good thinking.” are NOT acceptable. Also, you should NOT simply repeat what someone else has already said.

 You MUST post no less than 8 times per week – twice on any four days.

Good Discussions in Handouts and Links will help you, but you should also use this rubric to gain all possible points for your contributions and, more importantly, to get the most out of our class discussion!

 Online Classroom Discussion and Interaction Rubric

What Should I Do?

Points Available

Did I do This?

Where?

Points Earned

Answer both Discussion Questions directly demonstrating a clear understanding of the material, support your response with research or reading, and promote conversation (2 posts)

 50

 

 

 

Respond to at least two classmates’ posts (2 posts)

 

 

 

 

Continue both conversations with at least one additional reply to each peer (2 posts)

 10

 

 

 

Respond to at least one of the teacher’s secondary questions, conversing with a classmate who responds to the same question (2 posts)

 10

 

 

 

Be sure all responses are detailed and clear and are posted twice on four separate days.

 10

 

 

 

Be sure that all responses relate to the course reading and notes, your own everyday life, or to both

 5

 

 

 

Provides the class with a response that is non-generic and inspiring – meaning that they learn from what you have contributed and can continue the conversation

 5

 

 

 

Use proper grammar, spelling, and netiquette

 10

 

 

 

TOTAL POINTS for EACH WEEKLY DISCUSSION:

 100

 

 

Withdrawal Policy:

A student has the privilege of withdrawing from any courses or from the College itself without academic penalty up to and including the final date for withdrawal indicated on the College calendar.

To withdraw officially from a course or from the College, a student must obtain the proper withdrawal form from the Student Affairs Office or from your Center Director, complete this form and submit it to the Registrar's Office before the final day for withdrawal without academic penalty as indicated on the College calendar. If a student stops attending a course for which he/she is registered after the published census date (end of drop/add) without having officially withdrawn from the course, the student will be assigned an AW (penalty-grade failure) for the class. No exceptions will be made.

Students who violate the College's Academic Integrity Policy and fail a course in consequence may not exercise the withdrawal privilege in that particular course.

Financial obligations to the College will be determined according to the Refund Policy.

Instructor Policies:

  • Behavior: I expect online behavior to be exceptional. Treat it as you would a place of business. Poor behavior will not be tolerated. Flaming will absolutely not be permitted.
  • Any form of cheating, plagiarism, or dishonesty is a violation of the nature and purposes of Lackawanna College. Please refer to the LC Student Handbook for penalty information. As an instructor, I have the right to fail anyone who plagiarizes.
  • Students who post disrespectfully, either to classmates or an instructor, are not welcome in this class. If a student is disrespectful or found to be too immature to attend this college class, he or she will be removed permanently.
  • The use of vulgarity is prohibited. I expect you to demonstrate your ability to use vocabulary intelligently.
  • The course schedule is tentative. If changes are necessary, you will be notified.
  • Follow your attached calendar. Class does carry on as usual when you’re not participating.

Grading:

Letter Grade

Numeric Range

A

96 – 100

A-

90 – 95

B+

87 – 89

B

83 – 86

B-

80 – 82

C+

77 – 79

C

73 – 76

C-

70 – 72

D+

67 – 69

D

60 – 66

F

0 – 59

Due Dates and Late Penalties:

Late assignments will earn a penalty. Technical difficulties are NOT a justification for lateness.

  • The grace period for late assignments is as follows:
    • 1 day late-One letter grade deduction off of the assignment grade
    • 2 days late-Two letter grades off of the assignment grade
    • 3 days late-the assignment will receive a grade of 0%

Academic Integrity:

Academic dishonesty in any form, such as plagiarism and cheating, will not be tolerated either in the online or traditional classrooms. Sanctions will include an automatic F for plagiarism, but the severity or frequency of the violation may result in dismissal from the College as well.

The following are among the forms of dishonesty, in a classroom of any type, for which sanctions may be applied:

  • Using purchased essays, term papers or preparatory research for such papers;
  • Copying others' work or engaging in unauthorized cooperation during an assignment or examination;
  • Allowing another student to copy from an exam or other assignment intended to be performed independently;
  • Borrowing from published works, whether material is taken verbatim or with minor alterations, without proper and/or sufficient acknowledgment;
  • Submitting as one’s own work originally done by someone else;
  • Submitting the same written report in more than one course without prior approval from the instructor(s) involved;
  • Stealing examinations or assignments;
  • Supplying or selling examinations or assignments;
  • Misrepresenting statements concerning work submitted;
  • Falsifying or fabricating experimental data or results;
  • Falsifying or fabricating the need for extensions on papers or make-up examinations.
  • Misrepresenting identity in an online course

Disability Statement

Lackawanna College is an Affirmative Action, Equal Employment Opportunity institution. Students with disabilities and other needs should feel free to contact the instructor privately if there are services and adaptations which can be made to accommodate specific needs. Students who are having difficulties with class material are strongly advised to seek assistance in the reading and writing lab. If you feel that you have a disability that has not been formally documented, you may meet with Ms. Christine Kiehart in the academic development office to discuss your options. Please note that disability services do not include exemption from participation requirements in courses considered part of the School of Distance Education, including online and hybrid courses.

Lackawanna College Notice of Nondiscrimination

Lackawanna College will not discriminate in its educational programs, activities, or employment practices, based on race, color, national origin, sexual orientation, disability, age, religion, ancestry, union membership, or any other legally protected classification. Announcement of this policy is in accordance with State Law including the Pennsylvania Human Relations Act and with Federal Law including Titles VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, Sections 503 and 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Age Discrimination Act of 1975, and Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.

 Title IX of the Education Amendment of 1972 is a federal civil rights law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in federally funded education programs and activities. Lackawanna College is committed to providing an educational and work environment that is free from unlawful sexual discrimination including sexual harassment, sexual violence, and gender based harassment. 

 In accordance with Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, Lackawanna College will not tolerate any forms of sexual misconduct including but not limited to: sexual harassment, sexual assault, sexual violence and gender-based harassment by employees, students or third parties. This includes prohibiting discrimination against pregnant and parenting students. The College also prohibits retaliation against any person who makes a claim of discrimination or harassment or who provides information in such an investigation. This policy applies to admissions, employment, treatment and access to all programs and activities that take place either on or off the campus at Lackawanna College. 

 Lackawanna College will fully and promptly investigate all allegations of sexual misconduct and will take action reasonably designed to resolve the complaint in an equitable manner, end a hostile environment if one has been created, prevent its recurrence, and, when appropriate, take steps to remedy its effects on individuals and the college community.

Lackawanna College complies with Title IX and all other federal laws and regulations that prohibit discrimination in education programs or activities receiving federal financial assistance.

Reports or inquiries regarding nondiscrimination should be made to:

Title IX Coordinator/ Executive Director of the Student Wellness Program, Marsha Pigga, Angeli Hall, Room 102, 501 Vine Street, Scranton PA, 18509 (570) 955-1466/ (570) 677-7589, piggam@lackawanna.edu.

Equal Opportunity and Affirmative Action inquiries: Carolyn Quinn, Affirmative Action Officer/Director of Continuing Education, Angeli Hall, Room 300C, Vine Street, Scranton PA (570) 961-7815QuinnC@lackawanna.edu or Tony Ferrese, Affirmative Action Officer/Seeley Hall Residence Director, Seeley Hall, First Floor, North Washington Avenue, Scranton PA, (570) 504-1760FerreseT@lackawanna.edu.

Additional information regarding Title IX requirements and how to file a complaint with the Office of Civil Rights: Office of Civil Rights at www2.ed.gov/ocr, 800-421-3481. Philadelphia Office: Office for Civil Rights U.S. Department of Education, The Wanamaker Building,100 Penn Square East, Suite 515, Philadelphia, PA 19107-3323 Telephone: 215-656-8541, Email: OCR.Philadelphia@ed.gov.   

 

 Portfolio and Coursework:

Lackawanna College will empower you to experience learning by inspiring your critical thinking, assessing your talents and skills, motivating you toward a career choice, and encouraging you to make a difference. In evidence of this learning, the College requires a graduation portfolio containing Career Documents, including a résumé, two letters of recommendation, and a career exploration; Core Coursework, including a research paper from College Writing; three sample papers or projects from Major Coursework; and a Lackawanna College Reflection Paper.


 

Course Schedule (Tentative):

Week 1  Introduction to the course, syllabus and course requirements. 

                 Icebreaker speech.

                 Overview of communication process Ch 1

                 Listening Ch 2

                 Ethos Ch 3

 Dealing with speech anxiety: Ch 4

Course Navigation quiz and Syllabus quiz

Week 2 Speech structure: intros and conclusions ch 31

                 Social and Ceremonial context ch 9

                Audience analysis ch 12

                Motivational appeals ch 25

Quiz on ch 1, 2, 3, 4, 12, 9, 25, 31

Speeches of celebration

Week 3 Planning your speech ch 10

                Topic selection, narrowing subject, clarifying purpose ch 11

Organizing your speech ch 17, 18, 19,20

Quiz on 10, 11, 17, 18, 19, 20

Demonstrative speeches

Week 4 Modes of delivery 28

Language ch 29

Effective nonverbal communication Ch. 34 and 35

                Quiz ch 28, 29, 34, 35

Dramatic presentations

Week 5 Research ch 13 14 15 16

Supporting materials and signposts ch 32

Quiz on ch 13, 14, 15, 16, 32

Self Critique Paper

Week 6 Presentation aids ch 27 and 36

Informative strategies ch 22

Credibility ch 26

                Informative Speeches

                Quiz ch 22, 26, 27, 36

Week 7 Sound arguments Ch 21

Persuasive strategies 23

Reasoning ch 24

Quiz on ch 21, 23, 24, 32

Outside Speaker report

Week 8 Persuasive speeches

Final Exam

 

Instructions:

Week

Topic

Course Objective Met

Related Assignment, Assessment, or Learning Activity

1

Deliver first speech (icebreaker)

Overview of communication process (Ch 1)

Listening (Ch 2)

Ethos (Ch 3)

Dealing with speech anxiety (Ch 4)

Understand what the communication process is and how it works.

Understand the listening process and know that “effective speaking” depends on “effective listening”.

Ice Breaker Speech

Participation and interaction in discussions: Components of Ethos and Listening

2

Speech structure: intros and conclusions (ch 31)

Social and Ceremonial context (ch 9)

Planning your speech (ch 10)

Topic selection, narrowing subject, clarifying purpose (ch 11)

Prepare demonstrative speeches, video examples

Deliver speech of celebration

Apply the “fundamental principles” of speech preparation and organization 

Demonstrate principles of effective speaking by developing a number of extemporaneous and impromptu speeches during the course

Participation and interaction in discussions: Speaking anxiety, Propositions of fact, value or policy

Intro and conclusion review; videos

Social and ceremonial review

Create outline for Demonstrative speech

Create and deliver Speech of celebration

Quiz on ch 1, 2, 3, 4, 9, 10, 11, 31

3

Audience analysis (ch 12)

Motivational appeals (ch 25)

Organizing, outlining (ch 17, 18, 19, 20)

Prepare dramatic presentations, video examples

Create and deliver demonstrative speech

Practice the “fundamental principles” of speech preparation and organization 

Demonstrate principles of effective speaking by developing a number of extemporaneous and impromptu speeches during the course

Participation and interaction in discussions: Audience analysis and motivational appeal

Create and deliver demonstrative speech

Quiz ch 12, 17, 18, 19, 20, 25

4

 

Modes of delivery (ch 28)

Language (ch 29)

Effective nonverbal communication (Ch. 34 and 35)

Dramatic presentation

Demonstrate an understanding of the importance of language habits and semantics as they relate to “meaning” and one’s total communication effectiveness.

Demonstrate increased self-confidence in oral communication through knowledge acquisition and skill mastery, especially through dramatic presentation

Demonstrate principles of effective speaking by developing a number of extemporaneous and impromptu speeches during the course

Discussion: Body language, movies

Dramatic presentation

Quiz on ch 28, 29, 34, 35

5

Researching a subject. (Ch 13, 14, 15, 16)

Supporting materials and signposts (ch 32)

Self Critique paper

Demonstrate mastery of skills necessary for clear informative speaking

Demonstrate increased self-confidence in oral communication through knowledge acquisition and skill mastery.

 

Discussion: Research strategy worksheet, Synthesis of research

Self critique paper

Quiz on ch 13, 14, 15, 16, 32

 

6

Presentation aids (ch 27 and 36)

Informative strategies (ch 22)

Credibility (ch 26)

Outside Speaker Report

 

Demonstrate the ability to present speeches through the use of technology (i.e. PowerPoint, etc,).

Demonstrate mastery of skills necessary for clear informative speaking

Demonstrate principles of effective speaking by developing a number of extemporaneous and impromptu speeches during the course

Discussion:  Credibility (ethos), informative strategies (explanation)

 

Create and deliver Informative Voiceover Powerpoint speech

Quiz on ch 22, 26, 27, 36

7

Sound arguments (Ch 21)

Persuasive strategies (ch 23)

Reasoning (ch 24)

Outside Speaker Report

Demonstrate increased self-confidence in oral communication through knowledge acquisition and skill mastery.

Discussion: Monroe’s Motivated sequence, Logical Fallacies

Outside speaker report

Quiz on ch 21, 23, 24

8

Persuasive Speeches

Final Exam

Demonstrate knowledge and mastery of reasoning, motivating and refuting in the development

 and delivery of a persuasive speech.

Demonstrate the ability to present speeches through the use of technology (i.e. PowerPoint, etc,).

Persuasive speeches

 

Discussion:  Inductive, Deductive, Causal and Analogical reasoning, Refuting audience’s objections

 

Project

Available Points

Due Date

Discussion

20

 

Speech of Celebration

 5

 

Demonstrative Speech

10

 

Dramatic Presentation

10

 

Informative Speech

10

 

Persuasive Speech

15

 

Tests (all)

10

 

Homeworks (all)

 5

 

Self Critique Paper

 2.5

 

Outside Speaker Paper

 2.5

 

Final Exam

10

 

 Rubrics

 Speech of Celebration                     Total Points Value 100

Requirement

Did I do This?

Where? (i.e. slide number, page number, paragraph, etc.)

Points Available

Points Earned

Introduction: Grabber

 

 

10

 

Introduction: preview summary

   

5

 

Organization: design flows smoothly

 

 

10

 

Organization: topic narrowed sufficiently

 

 

5

 

Organization: Report complete, all questions answered completely

 

 

10

 

Conclusion: summary and clincher

 

 

10

 

Delivery: Frequent, effective eye contact

 

 

20

 

Delivery: Vocal: clear, tone and rate modulated, loud enough

 

 

10

 

Delivery: Appearance: posture, good energy, facial expression appropriate, gesturing

 

 

10

 

Delivery: Conversational

 

 

10

 



Demonstrative Speech Rubric                   Total Points Value 100

Requirement

Did I do This?

Where? (i.e. slide number, page number, paragraph, etc.)

Points Available

Points Earned

Introduction: grabber

 

 

10

 

Introduction: preview summary

 

 

5

 

Organization: Design flows smoothly, steps appropriate to task

 

 

10

 

Organization: topic narrowed sufficiently

 

 

5

 

Organization: explanation clear, steps well communicated and easy to follow

 

 

10

 

Conclusion:  summary and clincher

 

 

10

 

Delivery: frequent, effective eye contact

 

 

20

 

Delivery: Vocal: clear, tone and rate modulated, loud enough

 

 

10

 

Delivery: Appearance: posture, good energy, facial expression appropriate, gesturing

 

 

10

 

Delivery: Conversational, smooth and continuous

 

 

10

 

 

 

Dramatic Speech Rubric                                       Total Points Value 100

Requirement

Did I do This?

Where? (i.e. slide number, page number, paragraph, etc.)

Points Available

Points Earned

Delivery: Vocal changes: loudness

   

12

 

Delivery: Modulation of tone

 

 

12

 

Delivery: Modulation of rate

 

 

12

 

Delivery: Articulation

 

 

12

 

Delivery: Facial Expression

 

 

12

 

Delivery: Gestures, appropriate, clear

 

 

10

 

Delivery: Locomotion, posture

 

 

10

 

Delivery: Appearance, confidence level

 

 

10

 

Delivery: Energy

 

 

10

 

 

 Self Critique Paper                                            Total Points Value 100

Requirement

Did I do This?

Where? (i.e. slide number, page number, paragraph, etc.)

Points Available

Points Earned

Grammar, spelling, syntax correct

 

 

17

 

Reflection on assessment of preliminary speaking attributes

   

12

 

Reflection on techniques applied to improve preliminary speaking attributes

 

 

13

 

Reflection on individual speeches

 

 

23

 

Paper conforms to length requirements

 

 

15

 

Writing style is clear, consistent, and logical

 

 

10

 

Sufficient specific examples given

 

 

10

 

 

Outside Speaker Paper Total Points Value 100

Requirement

Did I do This?

Where? (i.e. slide number, page number, paragraph, etc.)

Points Available

Points Earned

Grammar,spelling correct

 

 

17

 

Reflection on speaker’s intro and conclusion

   

5

 

Reflection on speaker’s organization, pattern, and content

 

 

10

 

Reflection on speaker’s presentation aids

 

 

5

 

Reflection on speaker’s mannerisms and delivery

 

 

23

 

Reflection on audience reaction

 

 

10

 

Paper conforms to length requirements

 

 

15

 

Writing style is clear, consistent, and logical

 

 

8

 

Sufficient specific examples given

 

 

7

 

 

 

Informative Speech Rubric

Total Points Value 100

Did I do This?

Where? (i.e. slide number, page number, paragraph, etc.)

Points Available

Points Earned

Requirement

   

10

 

Introduction: Grabber

 

 

5

 

Introduction: preview summary

 

 

5

 

Introduction: credibility statement

 

 

10

 

Organization: Design flows smoothly, information follows apparent pattern, pattern well executed

 

 

5

 

Organization: topic sufficiently narrowed

 

 

15

 

Organization: Sources credible, sources cited, all claims sufficiently backed

 

 

5

 

Organization: Support well utilized, enhanced goal

 

 

10

 

Delivery: Conversational, extemporaneous

 

 

8

 

Delivery: Articulation, vocal loudness, tone, rate appropriate

 

 

7

 

Conclusion: summary

 

 

10

 

Conclusion: clincher

 

 

5

 

Informative Speech Rubric

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

Persuasive Speech Rubric Total Points Value 100

Requirement

Did I do This?

Where? (i.e. slide number, page number, paragraph, etc.)

Points Available

Points Earned

Introduction: Grabber

 

 

10

 

Introduction: credibility statement

 

 

5

 

Introduction: preview summary

 

 

5

 

Organization: Design flows smoothly, information follows apparent pattern, pattern well executed

 

 

12

 

Organization: Reasoned persuasion used; logical fallacies avoided

 

 

13

 

Organization: Sources credible, sources cited, all claims sufficiently backed

 

 

15

 

Organization: Support well utilized, enhanced goal

 

 

5

 

Delivery: Articulation, vocal loudness, tone, rate appropriate and modulated when necessary

 

 

8

 

Delivery: Effective gestures, locomotion

 

 

7

 

Delivery: Appearance, posture, good energy, facial expression appropriate, gesturing 

 

 

10

 

Conclusion: summary

 

 

5

 

Conclusion: clincher

 

 

5