Drugs Commonly Used for Sexual Assault also known as Date Rape Drugs
Rohypnol – Also known as roofies, rophies, roche, or forget-me pill. It is a strong sleeping, anti-anxiety pill in the same family of drugs as Valium and Xanax. It is often found as a small, round, white pill that looks like aspirin, and dissolves in liquids. Detection in a liquid is difficult because once dissolved it is odorless and tasteless.
Effects: Physical effects may be noticeable within 20 minutes and may last up to 24 hours. Causes drowsiness, confusion, nausea, impaired motor skills, dizziness, disorientation, impaired judgment, and reduced levels of consciousness. A person under the influence of Rohypnol may appear drunk, with slurred speech and difficulty walking/standing. Rohypnol can also cause memory loss of the events that occurred after ingestion.
GHB – Also known as G, liquid ecstasy, grievous bodily harm, scoop, and Georgia homeboy. It is a powerful synthetic sedative, and is often found as a liquid with a salty taste, however, it can also be found in powder form.
Effects may be felt within 20 minutes, and last from 2 to 6 hours
Effects: Lowers blood pressure, heart rate, and breathing. Causes dizziness, blurred vision, nausea, vomiting, confusion, excessive perspiration, intense drowsiness, and seizures. May cause unconsciousness or a coma, as a result, an individual under the influence of GHB may not be able to recall what happened after ingestion.
Ketamine – Also known as K, Special K, ket, vitamin K, and cat valium. It is labeled as a general anesthetic, and used as an animal tranquilizer. It has sedative, hypnotic, stimulant, and hallucinogenic properties. It can be found as a powder or a pill. Its effects can begin within minutes, and last up to 5 hours. Effects: It can cause dizziness, confusion, disorientation, memory loss, hallucination, agitation, impaired motor skills, slurred speech, numbness, aggressive or violent behavior, high blood pressure, and potentially fatal respiratory failure. Often times individuals may feel detached from their bodies and surroundings, and may cause a sensation of wanting to move but being unable to do so (“K-Hole”). Can also cause depression and amnesia
Scopolamine – It is a depressant, which acts on the central nervous system. Often times it is prescribed as a transdermal patch for travel sickness. It is highly toxic, and can be used in tiny doses. It is often found in tablet form or as a patch. The drug may take effect within 30 minutes, and effects can also last 2-3 days
Effects: Decreases secretion of fluids, slowing the stomach and intestines, and dilation of pupils. Causes drowsiness, dizziness, restlessness, blurred vision, difficulty urinating, dry or itchy eyes, and accelerated heartbeat. Overdose can cause delirium, delusions, paralysis, stupor, and death. An individual who has been drugged with Scopolamine may appear to be in the midst of a psychotic episode, and often end up in police custody or admitted to a hospital.