See Something, Hear Something, Know Something?

We are asking you to help us keep Lackawanna College safe. If you see, hear, or know about any concerns, incidents, or violations on one of Lackawanna College’s campuses or involving Lackawanna College Students that we should be aware of we are asking you to keep us informed.  We know sharing such information can be difficult because you may not know whom to tell or don’t want to be considered a “snitch” so we have removed all barriers and you can simply provide the information on our TIPS anonymous reporting form. If you are witnessing something this moment that needs immediate assistance do NOT use this form, call Public Safety at 570-961-7899 or 570-241-2026 or 911 right away. Working together we will keep Lackawanna College a safe campus for everyone. You can also look on the Lackawanna College Website for the direct link.

Lackawanna College Reporting Procedure for Incidents of Sexual Misconduct

Any College official who is not listed as a confidential resource and receives notice of sexual misconduct or retaliation is obligated to promptly contact the campus Title IX Coordinator, Brian Costanzo, Healy Hall 1st floor, Scranton, PA 18509 (570)961-7841 and must complete the Incident Reporting Form at

Informal Process

The complainant may choose to proceed with an informal process to resolve the complaint. At any time, the complainant may end the informal process and decide to begin the formal stage of the complaint process. The goal of informal resolution is to address the allegation, resolve the complaint and prevent future occurrence. Informal resolution is not an option in the case of rape or sexual assault.


Formal Process

Students:  Any individual or third party may report sexual misconduct including sexual assault, by initiating either a criminal process and/or a formal institutional process.


Institutional Process                                                                   

Reports can be made to one of the following:

  • Title IX Coordinator,

        Brian Costanzo Healy Hall, 1st floor, Scranton, PA 18509

        (570) 961-7841 

  • Title IX Deputy Coordinators          

         Tony Ferrese 501 Vine Street, Suite 105B, Scranton, PA 18509

         (570) 955-1522/(570) 892-8337

        Abbey Judge 415 N. Washington Ave, Scranton, PA 18509

        (570) 955-1516

  • Public Safety (570)961-7899/(570)241-2022

       501 Vine Street, Office G07, Scranton, PA 18509  or

       540 Wyoming Avenue, Office 107, Scranton, PA 18509 


Criminal Process

Reports can be made to:

  • Public Safety (570)961-7899/(570)241-2022  501 Vine Street, Office G07, Scranton, PA 18509  or  540 Wyoming Avenue, Office 107, Scranton, PA 18509                              
  • Police at 911

The criminal process will include the initiation of the institutional process.


For College Employees

Complaints of sexual harassment and sexual misconduct made by any faculty, staff, and administrator should be immediately reported to the Lackawanna College AVP of Human Resources Renee Mundy (570)961-7861 501 Vine Street Suite 200 Scranton, PA 18509 or Online at




Lackawanna College will honor requests for confidentiality to the greatest extent possible. The college will take appropriate steps to respond to and investigate a sexual misconduct claim in accordance with the victim’s request for confidentiality. However, the college’s ability to resolve the complaint may be limited. In the event that the complainant requests the strictest confidentiality, they must contact one of the confidential resources provided below:

  • Women’s Resource Center
  • Victim’s Resource Center

Once Lackawanna College deems that the incident poses an immediate threat to the campus community, it may not be able to adhere to the complainant’s request for confidentiality. Lackawanna College has a responsibility to provide a safe and nondiscriminatory environment for all students and staff. The college will notify the complainant in the event that it cannot ensure their confidentiality.

In the event that Lackawanna College is hindered from pursuing disciplinary action against the alleged perpetrator because of the victim’s request for confidentiality, it will take necessary steps to limit the effects of the harassment and prevent its recurrence. 

Sexual Harassment: any unwelcome sexual advance, request for sexual favors, or other  unwanted conduct of a sexual nature, whether verbal, non-verbal, graphic, physical, or otherwise, when a power differential is present and/or such conduct creates a hostile environment.  

Gender-Based Harassment: includes harassment based on gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, or gender expression, which may include acts of aggression, intimidation, or hostility, whether verbal or non-verbal, graphic, physical, or otherwise, even if the acts do not involve conduct of a sexual nature when there is a power differential and/or such conduct creates a hostile environment. 

Sexual Violence:  A form of sexual harassment which includes conduct that is criminal. Sexual assault falls under sexual violence. Sexual violence also includes rape, sexual battery, sexual coercion, unwanted touching, intimate partner violence, and sexually motivated stalking. 

Sexual Exploitation: Purposely or knowingly doing any of the following:

¨ Causing the incapacitation of another person for the purpose of  compromising that person’s ability to give Affirmative   Consent to sexual activity;

¨ Allowing third parties to observe private sexual activity from a hidden location or through electronic means;

¨ Engaging in voyeurism;

¨ Recording or photographing private sexual activity and/or a person’s intimate parts;

¨ Disseminating or posting images of private sexual activity and/or a person’s intimate parts;

¨ Prostituting another person; or

¨ Exposing another person to a sexually transmitted infection or virus without the other’s knowledge.

Sexual Assault: unwanted physical contact of a sexual nature whether by an acquaintance or a stranger. Conduct is unwanted when it occurs without effective consent or by force. 

Intimate Partner Violence (Domestic Violence, Dating Violence, Relationship Violence): any act or threatened act of violence against a person which is or has been involved in a sexual, dating, domestic, or other intimate relationship, by the other person in the relationship. It may involve one act or an ongoing pattern of behaviors. It encompasses a range of behaviors,   including, but not limited to: physical violence, sexual violence, emotional abuse, and economic abuse. It may take the form of violence or threats of violence to one’s self, one’s sexual or romantic partner, one’s family  members or friends and/or one’s property.

Stalking/Cyberstalking: a course of conduct directed at a specific person under circumstances that would cause a reasonable person to feel alarm, annoyance, emotional distress, and/or fear. Course of conduct means two or more acts,            including, but not limited to, acts in which a person directly, indirectly, or through third parties, by any actions, method, device, or means, follows, monitors, observes, surveils, threatens, or communicates to or about another person, or interferes with another person’s property. Stalking includes “cyber-stalking,” a particular form of stalking in which a person uses electronic media, such as the internet, social networks, blogs, cell phones, texts, or other similar devices or forms of contact.   Examples of stalking include, but are not limited to: following a person; appearing at a person’s home, class, or work uninvited; making frequent phone calls, emails, or text messages; leaving written messages; unwanted contact via social media; or vandalizing a person’s property.      

Retaliation: means any adverse action taken against a person for making a good faith report of Prohibited Conduct or participating in any proceeding under this policy. Retaliation includes threatening, intimidating, harassing, coercing or any other conduct that would discourage a reasonable person from engaging in activity protected under this policy. Retaliation may be present even where there is a finding of “no responsibility” on the allegations of Prohibited Conduct. Retaliation does not include good faith actions lawfully pursued in response to a report of Prohibited Conduct. 

Complicity:  any act taken with the purpose of aiding, facilitating, promoting or encouraging the commission of an act of Prohibited Conduct by another person.   


According to the CDC there are a multitude of consequences of sexual violence for the victim and his or her family as well as the community. Among these include a high risk for pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. The national rape-related pregnancy rate is approximately 5% per rape among women aged 12–45 years, or approximately 32,000 pregnancies resulting from rape each year. 

Impact of Sexual Violence

Sexual violence can have psychological, emotional, and physical effects on a survivor. These effects aren’t always easy to deal with, but with the right help and support they can be managed. Learning more can help you find the best form of care to begin the healing process.  

Effects of Sexual Violence

The Assault Victim’s Bill of Rights

  • Survivors shall be notified of their options to notify law enforcement.
  • Accuser and Accused must have the same opportunity to have others present.
  • Both parties shall be informed of the outcome of any disciplinary proceeding.
  • Survivors shall be notified of counseling services.
  • Survivors shall be notified of options for changing academic and living situations.

Image result for Crime Victims Bill of Rights



Title IX Policies & Forms

Consent:  Consent is clearly communicating “Affirmative Yes” about sexual activity on your own terms. It can be  limited to certain acts and revoked at any time. 

Consent is:

  • Voluntary agreement to engage in sexual activity
  • Approval that can be withdrawn at any time

Consent  cannot be given if a person is:

  • Physically or mentally incapacitated due to alcohol or other drugs – this means if a person is drunk or high, they cannot   give consent to engage in sexual activity
  • Unconscious               
  • Asleep
  • Under the age of consent
  • Physically or mentally impaired


  5 Principles of Consent

    1. Privilege – Sex is never a right, it is a privilege.

    2. Permission – Since sexual contact is a privilege, you must have permission every time.

    3. Justification – There is never a good enough excuse to violate another’s boundaries.

    4. Intent – To ensure that sexual boundaries are not crossed, your intent must be to “First, do no harm.”

    5. Responsibility – You are entirely responsible for your own actions. Persons who experience sexual assault never bear the responsibility of harm caused by others.


Signs of Non-Consent

Verbal Refusal :  When someone  says “no” or “don’t do that” or “please stop” or “I don’t want to do this.”

Implied Verbal Refusal:   When someone says “I don’t think I want to go this fast” or “I’m not sure I want to do this.”

Physical Resistance:  Trying to get away,  freezing up, trying to leave, rolling over or away, pushing away, moving someone’s hands, trying to put clothes back on.

***If sexual activity continues after any of these indicators, a crime has been committed.***


Role Alcohol Plays in Sexual Assaults



Incapacitation is the inability, temporarily or permanently, to give consent, because the individual is mentally and/or physically helpless due to drug or alcohol consumption, either voluntarily or involuntarily, or the individual is unconscious, asleep or otherwise unaware that the sexual activity is occurring. In addition, an individual is incapacitated if he/she/they demonstrate that they are unaware of where they are, how they got there, or why or how they became engaged in a sexual interaction. Where alcohol is involved, incapacitation is a state beyond drunkenness or intoxication.

Some indicators of incapacitation may include, but are not limited to, lack of control over physical movements, lack of awareness of circumstances or surroundings, or the inability to communicate for any reason. An individual may experience a blackout state in which he/she/they appear to be giving consent, but do not actually have conscious awareness or the ability to consent. It is especially important, therefore, that anyone engaging in sexual activity be aware of the other person’s level of intoxication. The relevant standard that will be applied is whether the Respondent knew, or a sober reasonable person in the same position should have known, that the other party was incapacitated and therefore could not consent to the sexual activity.

Alcohol impairs a person’s decision-making capacity, awareness of the consequences, and ability to make informed judgments. Being intoxicated or impaired by drugs or alcohol is never an excuse for sexual misconduct and does not excuse one from the responsibility to obtain consent.

Many campus sexual assaults involve alcohol.
  • Alcohol use can impair a perpetrator’s judgment so he/she disregards indications that a person doesn’t want to engage in sexual activity.
  • Alcohol use can impair a victim’s judgment so he/she is less likely to take heed of risk cues.
  • Alcohol use can increase the expectancy of what will happen when we drink.
  • Perpetrators may use alcohol as an excuse for their actions.

Keep all of these in mind when making choices about alcohol.


Just because you help her home, doesn't mean you get to help yourself.

Alcohol and other drugs play a major role in intimate partner violence as well as the majority of sexual assaults in college environments, as a person under the influence cannot legally give consent.

Alcohol consumption among college students is quite prevalent in the United States, according to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (2013), roughly four out of five college students consume alcohol. Alcohol is a depressant that impairs inhibitions, judgment, and decision-making and is by far the most frequently used drug to facilitate sexual assault. Because alcohol consumption impairs an individual’s judgment, it may increase the likelihood of committing a sexual assault, and also may decrease the ability to withhold or give consent. 


o Drinking is a socially acceptable activity used as an excuse for a socially unacceptable behavior.

o Alcohol results in cognitive impairments

o Consent must be present in healthy relationships.

o Intoxicated persons cannot give consent More than 696,000 students between the ages of 18 and 24 were assaulted by another student who was drinking. (HIngson, Zha, and Weitzman, 2009)

About 85-90 percent of sexual assaults reported by college students involve alcohol use by one or both parties and were committed by someone who was known to the survivor. (National Institute of Justice, 2008).



Date Rape Drugs

Drugs Commonly Used for Sexual Assault also known as Date Rape Drugs

Rohypnol – Also known as roofies, rophies, roche, or forget-me pill.  It is a strong sleeping, anti-anxiety pill in the same family of drugs as Valium and Xanax.  It is often found as a small, round, white pill that looks like aspirin, and dissolves in liquids.  Detection in a liquid is difficult because once dissolved it is odorless and tasteless.

Effects:  Physical effects may be noticeable within 20 minutes and may last up to 24 hours.  Causes drowsiness, confusion, nausea, impaired motor skills, dizziness, disorientation, impaired judgment, and reduced levels of consciousness.  A person under the influence of Rohypnol may appear drunk, with slurred speech and difficulty walking/standing.  Rohypnol can also cause memory loss of the events that occurred after ingestion.

GHB – Also known as G, liquid ecstasy, grievous bodily harm, scoop, and Georgia homeboy.  It is a powerful synthetic sedative, and is often found as a liquid with a salty taste, however, it can also be found in powder form. 

Effects may be felt within 20 minutes, and last from 2 to 6 hours 

Effects: Lowers blood pressure, heart rate, and breathing.  Causes dizziness, blurred vision, nausea, vomiting, confusion, excessive perspiration, intense drowsiness, and seizures.  May cause unconsciousness or a coma, as a result, an individual under the influence of GHB may not be able to recall what happened after ingestion.

Ketamine – Also known as K, Special K, ket, vitamin K, and cat valium.  It is labeled as a general anesthetic, and used as an animal tranquilizer.  It has sedative, hypnotic, stimulant, and hallucinogenic properties.  It can be found as a powder or a pill.  Its effects can begin within minutes, and last up to 5 hours. Effects:  It can cause dizziness, confusion, disorientation, memory loss, hallucination, agitation, impaired motor skills, slurred speech, numbness, aggressive or violent behavior, high blood pressure, and potentially fatal respiratory failure.  Often times individuals may feel detached from their bodies and surroundings, and may cause a sensation of wanting to move but being unable to do so (“K-Hole”).  Can also cause depression and amnesia

Scopolamine – It is a depressant, which acts on the central nervous system.  Often times it is prescribed as a transdermal patch for travel sickness.  It is highly toxic, and can be used in tiny doses.  It is often found in tablet form or as a patch.  The drug may take effect within 30 minutes, and effects can also last 2-3 days

Effects:  Decreases secretion of fluids, slowing the stomach and intestines, and dilation of pupils.  Causes drowsiness, dizziness, restlessness, blurred vision, difficulty urinating, dry or itchy eyes, and accelerated heartbeat.   Overdose can cause delirium, delusions, paralysis, stupor, and death.  An individual who has been drugged with Scopolamine may appear to be in the midst of a psychotic episode, and often end up in police custody or admitted to a hospital.

Bystander Intervention

Bystander Interventions can prevent sexual violence